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Mum red-faced after realising mistake in picture of ‘ladybirds’ visiting her home – The Mirror

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on August 29th, 2021

A mum who claims to feel connected to ladybirds thought shed found two of the bugs in her home but was left horrified when she was told what the insects actually were

An unsuspecting mum thought something beautiful was going to happen in her life when she discovered what she thought was two ladybirds on her bed one morning.

The mum said she had always felt drawn to the insects so was pleased to see them inside her home, and even referred to the creatures as her good luck sign.

She wrote on Facebook : Ive always felt drawn to ladybugs. I don't know what it is. I just feel connected to them. This morning on my bed, I found a mama and baby ladybug on my bed, and I feel like today is my day and something beautiful is going to happen! Do yall have any good luck signs?

However, the mums delight turned to horror when the post was shared on Reddit and users pointed out the truth behind her ladybirds.

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The bugs on her bed were not the cute insect she thought they were but were actually nasty bed bugs that could make her life a nightmare if left untreated.

One sympathetic commenter wrote: I always feel so terrible when anyone gets bed bugs. Those things will make your life a living hell.

But a less helpful person joked: She should name them Itchy and Scratchy.

Thankfully, other people were on hand to offer helpful tips to get rid of the bugs, or at least stave off any nasty bites until an exterminator could visit the property.

One wrote: Just a quick PSA, but if youre getting bit by bed bugs and have to endure until an exterminator can treat your place: lavender oil, and long clothing when getting ready for bed, (full sleeve shirts, sweat pants) helps a lot!

I bought some strong lavender lotion and would lather up after bathing. Bedbugs went from absolutely LOVING me, to avoiding my existence till we could get our apartment cooked.

While another added: If you ever get bed bugs, honestly? Throw away everything you own and move somewhere new. It's not worth the paranoia.

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Mum red-faced after realising mistake in picture of 'ladybirds' visiting her home - The Mirror

Armadillos have invaded the Lowcountry and are here to stay – Charleston Post Courier

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on August 15th, 2021

SUMMERVILLE At first glance, Joanna Reese thought a possum was burrowing around her live oak trees in the familys Summerville backyard.

But as Reese approached the ugly rodent, she realized it wasnt a possum after all.

Reese, who moved to the Nexton community only a year ago, was actually very familiar with this armored mammal, having seen plenty of armadillos around her former West Texas home.

I thought Id seen the last armadillo when I moved away from Lubbock, Reese said. Youd see armadillos all over the place out there. I dont know how they found me again all the way from Texas, but they did.

It certainly wont be the last armadillo sighting for Reese in the Summerville neighborhood. Armadillos have invaded the Lowcountry, especially in rural parts of Dorchester and Berkeley counties.

The S.C. Department of Natural Resources considers armadillos a nuisance and a health hazard. They can infect humans with leprosy and a parasite that causes Chagas disease. Chagas disease can cause swelling and fever.

Weve seen a significant uptick in armadillos in South Carolina over the past five years, especially around Walterboro and Summerville, said DNR biologist Alicia Farrell. Armadillos started to migrate east and over the past five years theyve expanded their range, so having them in this is area is not a huge surprise. It was just a matter of time.

DNR cautions residents not to touch armadillos with their bare hands and to avoid contact with their blood and fluids.

Before the 1850s, armadillos werent found north of the Rio Grande River, but they started expanding their range northward. After showing up in Florida in the late 19th century, they moved up the East Coast toward South Carolina.

The first armadillos began to show up along the lower South Carolina coast in the 1990s. Since then, they have extended their range as far as the Appalachian foothills and are still going. Once thought to be limited by cold weather, the pests have shown to be able to dig in to wait out the winter.

There are approximately 20 known armadillo species in the world, and the main one found in South Carolina is the nine-banded armadillo.

This rapid geographical expansion is attributed to the lack of natural predators to control the population. The shell of this critter is so tough it takes the bite of a cougar or an alligator to penetrate.

They are here to stay and will only expand their range and become more and more common over the next few years, Farrell said.

Armadillos are burrowing machines. They plow their way through gardens, lawns and any other loose dirt looking for insects such as beetles, grubs, worms, ants and termites. They burrow 7 or 8 inches in diameter and up to 15 feet in length.

The creatures especially like to burrow near young trees, which is what Reese experienced.

We have these small oak trees in our backyard and they have burrowed at the base of the trees, Reese said. They made these giant holes, and now the root system for the trees have almost been totally destroyed. The trees are starting to dry out. Its a disaster, and its all because of these nasty little beasts.

DNR cautions residents not to touch armadillos with their bare hands and avoid contact with their blood and fluids. File/Staff.

Once they make themselves at home, it can take a professional animal trapper and a lot of chemical repellent to discourage them.

They are starting to become a big problem in the area, said Bill Lamson-Scribner, a horticulturalist and critter expert affiliated with Possum Landscape and Pest Control Supply.

Managing the food source is the best way to control the armadillo population. Using a systemic grub treatments that contain imidacloprid as an active ingredient can be applied to the lawn area in late spring.

There are traps and repellents that have beeneffective as well.

Start with cutting off their food source and then use a trap or repellent, Lamson-Scribner said.

Farrell said armadillos are not attracted to bait in most traps, so funneling the critters towards a trap might be the best strategy.

Put a two-by-four board against your house and just heard them toward the trap, Farrell said.

They have become enough of a pest statewide that DNR regularly fields complaints. Its open season to hunt them on private land, even at night.

Homeowners have the right to trap and euthanize the animal," Farrell said. They can also hire a professional exterminator or trapper, but what a homeowner cant do is trap them and then let them loose on someone elses property.

Reach Andrew Miller at 843-937-5599. Follow him on Twitter @APMILLER_PandC

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Armadillos have invaded the Lowcountry and are here to stay - Charleston Post Courier

Step-by-step guide on how to get rid of bed bugs – NewsBytes

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on August 2nd, 2021

Last updated on Jul 30, 2021, 04:59 pm

Bed bugs are tiny creatures that are quite stubborn to get rid of. The presence of these insects has nothing to do with how clean your house is and they can practically come up from nowhere. However, if your home has clutter, you will require a lot of patience to rid them away. Here's a step-by-step guide on the best approach you can practice.

So you have itchy rashes after a night's sleep but aren't sure of where they came from? If the rashes are accompanied by curved-shaped bite marks, chances are that you have been bitten by a bed bug. The bites may also swell up to blisters. However, if you aren't sure whether a bite is from a bed bug, consult your doctor at the earliest.

Identifying the areas infected by bugs is important to prevent them from reproducing. Using a torchlight, check for dark spots or reddish stains on your mattress. While it may be hard to spot the bugs due to their tiny bodies, the seams of the couch, furniture joints, and curtain folds are few of the places that you must carefully check.

Once you identify the spots, it is important to contain them to avoid further spread of the bugs. A quick way to do this is by running your vacuum cleaner over any possible hiding places. After thoroughly vacuuming all the identified spots, seal the vacuumed contents in a plastic bag and clean it. Wash the linens and dry them in the hot sun.

Even if you've wiped out all the bed bugs in vicinity, check the infested areas once a week for signs of activity. You should also place bed bug interceptors that can trap these red insects before they climb onto any furniture. Bed bugs are hardy creatures to get rid of, and if they don't go away, you'll have to call in a professional exterminator.

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Step-by-step guide on how to get rid of bed bugs - NewsBytes

Termites Vs. Ants: Real Ways to Tell Them Apart –

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 19th, 2021

Although they share specific characteristics, termites and ants are two different types of insects. They each present their own problems and require different treatment services. When it comes to termites vs. ants, one can be commonly seen in the open, while the other is more discreet but causes severe destruction to the home. Whether you need to get rid of flying ants or call in a termite exterminator, its advised to recognize the following differences before taking action.

Think you have termites?

Don't wait. Call a pro ASAP. Get free, no-commitment estimates from exterminators near you.

You can look closely at the antennae of the species youre trying to identify to determine whether its an ant or a termite. While ants have elbowed or bent antennae, termites have straight antennae. Although this may seem like a subtle difference, its enough to tell the insects apart so you can proceed with extermination or other services should you need them.

Once youre close enough to compare the bodies of termites to ants, youll likely see that the abdomen on a termite has no defined waist. Unlike ants, which have a well-defined, pinched body, termites are rectangular. If you can inspect both insects closely, this difference can help you determine which pest is present.

Think you have termites?

Don't wait. Call a pro ASAP. Get free, no-commitment estimates from exterminators near you.

Since ants typically dont eat wood, they likely arent the cause of any significant structural damage to your home, should you have any. On the other hand, termites consume mainly wood, paper, and other cellulose-rich substances and can wreak havoc on a home. If you notice wood damage on your property, you may need to call in an expert to determine if termites are to blame. Piles of sawdust or wood pellets are other indicators that theres likely a termite infestation, and the problem needs to be treated.

Ants are omnivores, which means their diet consists of food from both plants and animals. Theyre also attracted to debris from food, which is why you might have seen a line or group of ants surrounding waste from a public trash can or near a pet food bowl. Termites, however, strictly consume cellulose-rich items such as wood and paper. Theyre more likely to be found in drywall, cardboard, insulation, wood, and other materials that contain the cellulose they seek.

Think you have termites?

Don't wait. Call a pro ASAP. Get free, no-commitment estimates from exterminators near you.

The life cycle of an ant consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Although queen ants can live for years, the typical worker ant usually only lives for a few months. The termite life cycle, however, is much longer. Queen termites can live for decades, while common termites survive for a couple of years. Termites have more life cycle stages than an ant: egg, larva, nymph, molting, and full maturity. Because of this extended life cycle and the colonys social order, termites live longer than ants.

Although both flying ants and winged termites have four wings, the appearance of their wings can help you determine which one you may be dealing with. Termites have wings that are equal in length and are longer than their bodies, while flying ants wings are unequal in length. An ants back hind wings are shorter than its front fore wings, and they are pretty proportional to their bodies. Termites also have very fragile wings that can fall off easily, and if you see fallen wings in your home, this can sometimes indicate an infestation.

Think you have termites?

Don't wait. Call a pro ASAP. Get free, no-commitment estimates from exterminators near you.

If youve spent a decent amount of time outdoors, its safe to assume youve seen ants either in your yard or in other outdoor settings. If so, youve seen their dark-colored bodies. Ants are often dark red to black in color and can be frequently seen in the open as they gather and look for food. On the other hand, termites are translucent and light-colored or white, and they tend to avoid light. Its unlikely youve seen them outside unless youve been actively searching for them, as they tend to congregate in dark places.

Both ants and termites can require the help of a professional exterminator or pest control expert to eliminate the problem and ensure your home is free from potential damage. But since termites can cause structural damage that isnt always immediately noticeable, its best to consult a professional once youve identified them. Fire or carpenter ants can also be hard to eliminate on your own, so its wise to seek help if the pesky insects continue to infiltrate your home, whether theyre outdoors or inside.

Get a professional consultation

Find licensed termite experts in your area and get free, no-commitment estimates for your project.

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Termites Vs. Ants: Real Ways to Tell Them Apart -

Pest Control Toronto | Pesticon Exterminator Services

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 19th, 2021

We are an experienced and highly trained group of exterminators who have the skills to eradicate any type of pest issue in your home or business. Professional pest control is an important practice that ensures that homes and business premises are safe and enjoyable to live and work. Mice, bed bugs, termites, beetles, roaches, earwigs, mites, silverfish, carpet beetle, wasps, bees, centipedes, flies and ants are some of the most common pests that invade properties in Toronto.

If your home or business premises are infested by any pests, consider seeking help from experts. Our unique standards in service delivery have set us apart from the rest. We have earned the honours of an A+ rating according to the Better Business Bureau and a HomeStars rating of 9.8. We also have a 4.8 Star rating on Google; please read our Google Reviews. We have also been featured in Toronto Star, Toronto Sun, Toronto Life, Global News and Huffington Post.

We provide reliable and effective pest control services that you can trust, hire a Toronto pest control business that specializes in bed bug extermination.

A Pesticon technician is highly trained and certified by the SPMAO and the Ministry of Environment and is highly recommended by HomeStars & Google reviewers.

Our exterminators are well trained in identifying pest infestations, our pest technicians can effectively eradicate them. Pesticon is fully registered and legally operates in Toronto and all parts of the GTA.

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Pest Control Toronto | Pesticon Exterminator Services

Pest Control Hampton Roads | VA Pro Exterminator & Termite …

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 19th, 2021

Lots of local pest companies can sell you a service and promise to treat you well. At Priority Pest Services, we are much more than just a pest control company. Providing great local extermination services, the latest technology in termitetreatment plansand pest maintenance plans, and a personalized shopping experience are more than just words it is what we do. As both a pest expert and a licensed Class A Contractor, we are skilled in getting rid of the pests and fixing any related damage they cause. Let our dual expertise be your advantage.

At Priority Pest Services, we are your #1 local pest exterminator, home repair and home maintenance company. We are one of the only termite treatment and structural repair companies in the Hampton Roads, Virginia area with a Class A Contractors license, #2705136533. In addition, to stay current with the industry, our licensed technicians attend weekly training in the Virginia Tech pesticide services program.

Priority Pest Services, headquartered in Chesapeake, Virginia, in the heart of Hampton Roads, offers licensed, professional pest extermination, pest removal and pest maintenance services for termites, bed bugs, ants, spiders, cockroaches, mosquitoes, beetles, ticks, mosquitoes, wildlife control and other insects, pests and vermin.We also offer pest services for rodents, especially rats, mice, and similar nuisances.

Our quality pest services are performed by our skilled exterminators utilizing current products and methods proven to remedy pest infestations and protect your home from future occurrence. To your advantage, we are dual-hatted in both pest control and home repair skills. All our pest and home related services are performed with a trained eye, always conscious of both pest related issues and inspecting for damage to your home. Our goal is to help maintain and protect the structural integrity of your home while also keeping pests outside where they belong.

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Bed bug – Wikipedia

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 19th, 2021

type of insect that feeds on human blood

Medical condition

Bed bugs are insects from the genus Cimex that feed on human blood, usually at night.[7] Their bites can result in a number of health impacts including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms.[5] Bed bug bites may lead to skin changes ranging from small areas of redness to prominent blisters.[1][2] Symptoms may take between minutes to days to appear and itchiness is generally present.[2] Some individuals may feel tired or have a fever.[2] Typically, uncovered areas of the body are affected.[2] Their bites are not known to transmit any infectious disease.[5][7][8] Complications may rarely include areas of dead skin or vasculitis.[2]

Bed bug bites are caused primarily by two species of insects: Cimex lectularius (the common bed bug) and Cimex hemipterus, found primarily in the tropics.[3] Their size ranges between 1 and 7mm.[7] They spread by crawling between nearby locations or by being carried within personal items.[2] Infestation is rarely due to a lack of hygiene but is more common in high-density areas.[2][9] Diagnosis involves both finding the bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms.[5] Bed bugs spend much of their time in dark, hidden locations like mattress seams, or cracks in a wall.[2]

Treatment is directed towards the symptoms.[2] Eliminating bed bugs from the home is often difficult, partly because bed bugs can survive up to 70 days without feeding.[8] Repeated treatments of a home may be required.[2] These treatments may include heating the room to 50C (122F) for more than 90 minutes, frequent vacuuming, washing clothing at high temperatures, and the use of various pesticides.[2]

Bed bugs occur in all regions of the globe.[7] Infestations are relatively common, following an increase since the 1990s.[3][4][6] The exact causes of this increase are unclear; theories including increased human travel, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings, a greater focus on control of other pests, and increasing resistance to pesticides.[4] Bed bugs have been known human parasites for thousands of years.[2]

The most common skin findings associated with bed bugs are pruritic, maculopapular, erythematous lesions.[8] Each lesion is about 25mm but may be as large as 2cm in diameter and there may or may not be the presence of a central punctum.[8] Bites are usually present on areas of exposed skin, especially exposed areas not covered by sheets or blankets, such as arms, legs, feet, face or neck.[8] Individual responses to bites vary, ranging from no visible effect (in about 2070%),[3][5] to small flat (macular) spots, to the formation of prominent blisters (wheals and bullae) along with intense itching that may last several days.[5] Vesicles and nodules may also form. The lesions due to bites may become secondarily infected due to scratching but systemic effects from bed bug bites are very rare.[8] A central spot of bleeding may also occur due to the release of blood thinning substances in the bug's saliva.[4]

Symptoms may not appear until some days after the bites have occurred.[5] Reactions often become brisker after multiple bites due to possible sensitization to the salivary proteins of the bed bug.[3] Numerous bites may lead to a red rash or hives.[5]

Serious infestations and chronic attacks can cause anxiety, stress, and sleep difficulties.[5] Development of refractory delusional parasitosis is possible, as a person develops an overwhelming obsession with bed bugs.[10]

A number of other symptoms may occur from either the bite of the bed bugs or from their exposure. Serious allergic reactions including anaphylaxis from the injection of serum and other nonspecific proteins have been rarely documented.[5][11] Due to each bite taking a tiny amount of blood, chronic or severe infestation may lead to anemia.[5] Bacterial skin infection may occur due to skin break down from scratching.[5][12]Systemic poisoning may occur if the bites are numerous.[13] Exposure to bed bugs may trigger an asthma attack via the effects of airborne allergens although evidence of this association is limited.[5] There is no evidence that bed bugs transmit infectious diseases[5][7] even though they appear physically capable of carrying pathogens and this possibility has been investigated.[3][5] The bite itself may be painful thus resulting in poor sleep and worse work performance.[5]

Similar to humans, bed bugs can feed on other warm-blooded animals such as pets. The signs left by the bites are the same as in the case of people and cause identical symptoms (skin irritation, scratching etc).[14] Bed bugs can infest poultry sheds and cause anemia and a decrease in egg production in hens.[15]

Bed bug infestations are primarily the result of two species of insects from genus Cimex: Cimex lectularius (the common bed bug) and Cimex hemipterus (the tropical bed bug).[3] These insects feed exclusively on blood and, at any stage of development, may survive up to 70 days without feeding.[8] Adult Cimex are light brown to reddish-brown, flat, oval, and have no hind wings. The front wings are vestigial and reduced to pad-like structures. Adults grow to 45mm (0.160.20in) long and 1.53mm (0.0590.118in) wide. Female common bed bugs can lay 110 eggs per day and 200500 eggs in their lifetime, whereas female tropical bed bugs can lay about 50 eggs in their lifetime .[8]

Bed bugs have five immature nymph life stages and a final sexually mature adult stage.[16] Bed bugs need at least one blood meal in order to advance to the next stage of development.[8] They shed their skins through ecdysis at each stage, discarding their outer exoskeleton.[17] Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in color, and become browner as they moult and reach maturity. Bed bugs may be mistaken for other insects, such as booklice, small cockroaches, or carpet beetles; however, when warm and active, their movements are more ant-like, and like most other true bugs, they emit a characteristic disagreeable odor when crushed.

Bed bugs are obligatory bloodsuckers. They have mouth parts that saw through the skin and inject saliva with anticoagulants and painkillers. Sensitivity of humans varies from extreme allergic reaction to no reaction at all (about 20%). The bite usually produces a swelling with no red spot, but when many bugs feed on a small area, reddish spots may appear after the swelling subsides.[18] Bedbugs prefer exposed skin, preferably the face, neck, and arms of a sleeping person.

Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and also by certain chemicals.[4][19][20][21] Cimex lectularius feeds only every five to seven days, which suggests that it does not spend the majority of its life searching for a host. When a bed bug is starved, it leaves its shelter and searches for a host. It returns to its shelter after successful feeding or if it encounters exposure to light.[22] Cimex lectularius aggregate under all life stages and mating conditions. Bed bugs may choose to aggregate because of predation, resistance to desiccation, and more opportunities to find a mate. Airborne pheromones are responsible for aggregations.[23]

Infestation is rarely caused by a lack of hygiene.[9] Transfer to new places is usually in the personal items of the human they feed upon.[3] Dwellings can become infested with bed bugs in a variety of ways, such as:

Though bed bugs will opportunistically feed on pets, they do not live or travel on the skin of their hosts, and pets are not believed to be a factor in their spread.[27]

A definitive diagnosis of health effects due to bed bugs requires a search for and finding of the insect in the sleeping environment as symptoms are not sufficiently specific.[5] It is difficult to distinguish bed bug bites from other arthropod bites and the linear pattern of bites (known colloquially as "breakfast, lunch and dinner" bites) is not specific for bed bugs.[8] If the number in a house is large a pungent sweet odor may be described.[4] There are specially trained dogs that can detect this smell.[2]

Bed bugs can exist singly but tend to congregate once established. Although strictly parasitic, they spend only a tiny fraction of their lives physically attached to hosts. Once a bed bug finishes feeding, it follows a chemical trail to return to a nearby harborage, commonly in or near beds or couches, where they live in clusters of adults, juveniles, and eggs. These places may include luggage, vehicles interiors, furniture, bedside cluttereven inside electrical sockets or laptop computers. Bed bugs may also lodge near animals that have nested within a dwelling, such as bats, birds,[25] or rodents. They are also capable of surviving on domestic cats and dogs, though humans are the preferred host of C. lectularius.[28]Bed bugs can also be detected by their characteristic smell of rotting raspberries.[29] Bed bug detection dogs are trained to pinpoint infestations, with a possible accuracy rate between 11% and 83%.[6]

Homemade detectors have been developed.[30][31] Bedbug detectors, often referred to as "monitors" or "traps", use attractant based methods such as lactic acid or carbon dioxide (associated with the presence of a human body) or pheromones to trap bugs in a container. Bedbug detectors can confirm a bedbug infestation but they are not effective for eradication.[8]

Eggs and two adults found inside a dresser

Other possible conditions with which these conditions can be confused include scabies, gamasoidosis, allergic reactions, mosquito bites, spider bites, chicken pox and bacterial skin infections.[5]

To prevent bringing home bed bugs, travelers are advised to take precautions after visiting an infested site: generally, these include checking shoes on leaving the site, changing clothes outside the house before entering, and putting the used clothes in a clothes dryer outside the house. When visiting a new lodging, it is advised to check the bed before taking suitcases into the sleeping area, and putting the suitcase on a raised stand to make bedbugs less likely to crawl in. An extreme measure would be putting the suitcase in the tub. Clothes should be hung up or left in the suitcase, and never left on the floor.[32] Additional preventative measures include sealing cracks and crevices (which are often the sites of bed bug harborages), inspecting furniture, and for exposed travelers to decontaminate clothes and luggage upon returning home.[8] The founder of a company dedicated to bedbug extermination said that 5% of hotel rooms he books into were infested. He advised people never to sit down on public transport; check office chairs, plane seats, and hotel mattresses; and monitor and vacuum home beds once a month.[33]

Treatment of bedbug bites requires keeping the person from being repeatedly bitten, and possible symptomatic use of antihistamines and corticosteroids (either topically or systemically).[5] There however is no evidence that medications improve outcomes, and symptoms usually resolve without treatment in 12 weeks.[3][4]

Avoiding repeated bites can be difficult since it usually requires eradicating bed bugs from a home or workplace; eradication is most effective using non-chemical control methods.[8] Non-chemical control methods include vacuuming carpet and furniture (often with scraping) into a disposable bag which is then sealed into a plastic bag to prevent re-infestation.[8] Other methods include removing textile materials from an area and washing them in hot water (at least 60 degrees Celsius) or freezing them at 20C (4F).[8] Most consumer grade freezers are inadequate to kill bedbugs due to not having low enough temperatures.[8] Unremovable textiles such as mattresses can be steamed at least 60C (140F) and this method can penetrate deep into the textile to effectively kill bed bugs quickly (under 1 minute).[8] Heating tents or chambers can be used for infested materials or entire rooms can be heated to at least 55C (131F) to effectively eradicate infestation.[8]

There is no evidence to indicate that a combination of non-chemical methods plus insecticides is more effective than non-chemical methods alone with regards to eradication of bed bug infestations.[8]

Insecticides are mostly ineffective for the eradication of bedbug infestations as most bedbugs are resistant to insecticides, including pyrethroids which are found in approximately 90% of commercial grade insecticides.[8] Furthermore, insect foggers (known as "bug bombs") are ineffective in the eradication of bed bug infestation as they are unable to penetrate bed bug harborages.[8] Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly over time, and there are concerns about harm to health from their use.[3]

Once established, bed bugs are extremely difficult to get rid of.[3] Bed bugs are particularly difficult to eradicate in apartment complexes as harbors can exist in other areas of the building when single units are treated.[8]

Mechanical approaches, such as vacuuming up the insects and heat-treating or wrapping mattresses, are effective.[3][6] An hour at a temperature of 45C (113F) or over, or two hours at less than 17C (1F) kills them.[6] This may include a domestic clothes drier for fabric or a commercial steamer. Bed bugs and their eggs will die on contact when exposed to surface temperatures above 180F (82C) and a steamer can reach well above 230F (110C).[18][34] A study found 100% mortality rates for bed bugs exposed to temperatures greater than 50C (122F) for more than 2 minutes. The study recommended maintaining temperatures of above 48C (118F) for more than 20 min to effectively kill all life stages of bed bugs, and because in practice treatment times of 6 to 8 hours are used to account for cracks and indoor clutter.[35] This method is expensive and has caused fires.[6][18] Starving bedbugs is not effective, as they can survive without eating for 100 to 300 days, depending on temperature.[6]

It was stated in 2012[update] that no truly effective insecticides were available.[6] Insecticides that have historically been found effective include pyrethroids, dichlorvos, and malathion.[4] Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly in recent decades.[3] The carbamate insecticide propoxur is highly toxic to bed bugs, but it has potential toxicity to children exposed to it, and the US Environmental Protection Agency has been reluctant to approve it for indoor use.[36] Boric acid, occasionally applied as a safe indoor insecticide, is not effective against bed bugs[37] because they do not groom.[38]

Bed bugs occur around the world.[39] Before the 1950s about 30% of houses in the United States had bedbugs.[2] This fall is believed to be partly due to the use of DDT to kill cockroaches.[40] The invention of the vacuum cleaner and simplification of furniture design may have also played a role in the decrease.[40] Others believe it might simply be the cyclical nature of the organism.[41]

However, rates of infestation in developed countries have increased dramatically since the 1980s.[3][4][39] This is thought to be due to greater foreign travel, increased immigration from the developing world to the developed world, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings among homes, a greater focus on control of other pests, resulting in neglect of bed bug countermeasures, and increasing bedbug resistance to pesticides.[4][42] Lower cockroach populations due to insecticide use may have aided bed bugs' resurgence, since cockroaches are known to sometimes predate them.[43] Bans on DDT and other potent pesticides may have also contributed.[44][45]

The U.S. National Pest Management Association reported a 71% increase in bed bug calls between 2000 and 2005.[46] The number of reported incidents in New York City alone rose from 500 in 2004 to 10,000 in 2009.[47] In 2013, Chicago was listed as the number one city in the United States for bedbug infestations.[48] As a result, the Chicago City Council passed a bed bug control ordinance to limit their spread. Additionally, bed bugs are reaching places in which they never established before, such as southern South America.[49][50]

The rise in infestations has been hard to track because bed bugs are not an easily identifiable problem and is one that people prefer not to discuss. Most of the reports are collected from pest-control companies, local authorities, and hotel chains.[51] Therefore, the problem may be more severe than is currently believed.[52]

The common bed bug (C. lectularius) is the species best adapted to human environments. It is found in temperate climates throughout the world. Other species include Cimex hemipterus, found in tropical regions, which also infests poultry and bats, and Leptocimex boueti, found in the tropics of West Africa and South America, which infests bats and humans. Cimex pilosellus and Cimex pipistrella primarily infest bats, while Haematosiphon inodora, a species of North America, primarily infests poultry.[53]

Cimicidae, the ancestor of modern bed bugs, first emerged approximately 115 million years ago, more than 30 million years before batstheir previously presumed initial hostfirst appeared. From unknown ancestral hosts, a variety of different lineages evolved which specialized in either bats or birds. The common (C. lectularius) and tropical bed bug (C. hemipterus), split 40 million years before Homo evolution. Humans became hosts to bed bugs through host specialist extension (rather than switching) on three separate occasions.[54][55]

Bed bugs were mentioned in ancient Greece as early as 400 BC, and were later mentioned by Aristotle. Pliny's Natural History, first published circa AD 77 in Rome, claimed bed bugs had medicinal value in treating ailments such as snake bites and ear infections. Belief in the medicinal use of bed bugs persisted until at least the 18th century, when Guettard recommended their use in the treatment of hysteria.[56]

Bed bugs were first mentioned in Germany in the 11th century, in France in the 13th century, and in England in 1583,[57] though they remained rare in England until 1670. Some in the 18th century believed bed bugs had been brought to London with supplies of wood to rebuild the city after the Great Fire of London (1666). Giovanni Antonio Scopoli noted their presence in Carniola (roughly equivalent to present-day Slovenia) in the 18th century.[58][59]

Traditional methods of repelling and/or killing bed bugs include the use of plants, fungi, and insects (or their extracts), such as black pepper;[60] black cohosh (Actaea racemosa); Pseudarthria hookeri; Laggera alata (Chinese yngmo co | );[18] Eucalyptus saligna oil;[61][62] henna (Lawsonia inermis or camphire);[63] "infused oil of Melolontha vulgaris" (presumably cockchafer); fly agaric (Amanita muscaria); tobacco; "heated oil of Terebinthina" (i.e. true turpentine); wild mint (Mentha arvensis); narrow-leaved pepperwort (Lepidium ruderale); Myrica spp. (e.g. bayberry); Robert geranium (Geranium robertianum); bugbane (Cimicifuga spp.); "herb and seeds of Cannabis"; "opulus" berries (possibly maple or European cranberrybush); masked hunter bugs (Reduvius personatus), "and many others".[64]

In the mid-19th century, smoke from peat fires was recommended as an indoor domestic fumigant against bed bugs.[65]

Dusts have been used to ward off insects from grain storage for centuries, including plant ash, lime, dolomite, certain types of soil, and diatomaceous earth or Kieselguhr.[66] Of these, diatomaceous earth in particular has seen a revival as a nontoxic (when in amorphous form) residual pesticide for bed bug abatement. While diatomaceous earth often performs poorly, silica gel may be effective.[67][68]

Basket-work panels were put around beds and shaken out in the morning in the UK and in France in the 19th century. Scattering leaves of plants with microscopic hooked hairs around a bed at night, then sweeping them up in the morning and burning them, was a technique reportedly used in Southern Rhodesia and in the Balkans.[69]

Bean leaves have been used historically to trap bedbugs in houses in Eastern Europe. The trichomes on the bean leaves capture the insects by impaling the feet (tarsi) of the insects. The leaves are then destroyed.[70]

Before the mid-20th century, bed bugs were very common. According to a report by the UK Ministry of Health, in 1933, all the houses in many areas had some degree of bed bug infestation.[51] The increase in bed bug populations in the early 20th century has been attributed to the advent of electric heating, which allowed bed bugs to thrive year-round instead of only in warm weather.[71]

Bed bugs were a serious problem at US military bases during World War II.[72] Initially, the problem was solved by fumigation, using Zyklon Discoids that released hydrogen cyanide gas, a rather dangerous procedure.[72] Later, DDT was used to good effect.[72]

The decline of bed bug populations in the 20th century is often credited to potent pesticides that had not previously been widely available.[73] Other contributing factors that are less frequently mentioned in news reports are increased public awareness and slum clearance programs that combined pesticide use with steam disinfection, relocation of slum dwellers to new housing, and in some cases also follow-up inspections[how?] for several months after relocated tenants moved into their new housing.[71]

Bed bugs are an increasing cause for litigation.[74] Courts have, in some cases, exacted large punitive damage judgments on some hotels.[75][76][77] Many of New York City's Upper East Side homeowners have been afflicted, but they tend to remain publicly silent in order not to ruin their property values and be seen as suffering a blight typically associated with the lower classes.[78] Local Law 69 in New York City requires owners of buildings with three or more units to provide their tenants and potential tenants with reports of bedbug history in each unit. They must also prominently post these listings and reports in their building.[79]

Bed bug secretions can inhibit the growth of some bacteria and fungi; antibacterial components from the bed bug could be used against human pathogens, and be a source of pharmacologically active molecules as a resource for the discovery of new drugs.[81]

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Bed Bug Exterminator Cleveland Offers Cleveland Residents with Effective Bed Bug Treatments for Comfortable Night Sleep – Digital Journal

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 19th, 2021

Cleveland, OH Bed Bug Exterminator Cleveland is a locally-owned and operated bed bug exterminator and pest control service provider in Cleveland, OH. The exterminator uses innovative and effective treatments, including heat treatment, steam treatment, cryonite treatment, and conventional treatment, to eliminate nasty bed bugs.

Bed Bug Exterminator Cleveland Cleveland Bed Bug Removal has the expertise and the required equipment and products for bed bug exterminators. Bed bugs are notoriously known for leaving ugly marks on humans as a result of their bites, as well as causing sleepless nights. The bed bug exterminators entire operations aim to provide clients with a comfortable nights sleep and protect them from diseases.

While conducting the bed bug inspections, Bed Bug Exterminator Clevelands team pays special attention to where they hid, from mattresses and box springs to hides and cracks. Afterward, the bed bug experts develop the appropriate treatment plan to meet clients bed bug extermination needs. Clients are also consulted on recommendations and tactics to prevent future bed bug infestations.

Clients rest assured that the bed bug exterminator works towards their convenient schedule, ensuring that the latter is satisfied by the end of the day. Adding to this, the bed bug exterminator also offers competitive rates, which are accompanied by quality work and a satisfaction guarantee.

Elaborating more about the safe and environmentally-friendly bed bug extermination services, Bed Bug Exterminator Clevelands representative noted, We are a responsible pest exterminator service that puts the safety of your home or business, and your family or staff first. We never use dangerous chemicals, and we always make sure your locations are perfectly safe for you and your people to make normal use of them.

It is worth mentioning that Bed Bug Exterminator Clevelands team is made of experienced and skilled professionals who are knowledgeable about bed bugs. Also, the bed bug exterminating company is licensed, certified, and insured, therefore, complying with regulatory bodies such as Ohios department of Agriculture.

In addition to the bed bug services, the Cleveland Bed Bug Exterminator also offers other pest control services. They are knowledgeable and experienced in dealing with ant control, beetles, fly control, box elder bugs, carpenter ants and carpenter bees, cockroaches, earwigs, fleas, ladybugs, stink bugs, mosquito control, and termite control. Furthermore, the exterminator offers stinging insect control, such as yellow jackets, paper wasps, bald-faced hornets, or honey bees, as well as rodent control, including rats and mice.

When experiencing bed bugs and other pests infestations, schedule a free inspection by calling Clevelands exterminator at (216) 600-1637. Visit the bed bug exterminators website to request a quote or learn more about their services. Bed Bug Exterminator Cleveland is located at 140 Public Square, Cleveland, OH, 44114, US.

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Company NameBed Bug Exterminator ClevelandContact NameJohn SPhone(216) 600-1637Address140 Public SquareCityClevelandStateOHCountryUnited StatesWebsite

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Agricultural Pest Control Market Insights, Overview and Forecast with SWOT Analysis The Manomet Current – The Manomet Current

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 19th, 2021

Agricultural Pest Control Market 2021-2026:

The Global Agricultural Pest Control market exhibits comprehensive information that is a valuable source of insightful data for business strategists during the decade 2015-2026. On the basis of historical data, Agricultural Pest Control market report provides key segments and their sub-segments, revenue and demand & supply data. Considering technological breakthroughs of the market Agricultural Pest Control industry is likely to appear as a commendable platform for emerging Agricultural Pest Control market investors.

The complete value chain and downstream and upstream essentials are scrutinized in this report. Essential trends like globalization, growth progress boost fragmentation regulation & ecological concerns. This Market report covers technical data, manufacturing plants analysis, and raw material sources analysis of Agricultural Pest Control Industry as well as explains which product has the highest penetration, their profit margins, and R & D status. The report makes future projections based on the analysis of the subdivision of the market which includes the global market size by product category, end-user application, and various regions.

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This Agricultural Pest Control Market Report covers the manufacturers data, including shipment, price, revenue, gross profit, interview record, business distribution, etc., these data help the consumer know about the competitors better.

Topmost Leading Manufacturer Covered in this report:RentokilEhrlichWestern Exterminator CompanyBASFCritter Busters IncSwift Pest Control LTDTwilight Pest ControlHeath Pest ControlAl Naboodah Group Enterprises LLCNightshift Pest ControlDealey Pest ControlSteffel Pest Control IncMcLaughlin Gormley King CompanyISCAFMCNational Cleaning CompanyAdama

Product Segment Analysis:

Rats ControlMice ControlBirds ControlSlugs ControlSnails ControlAnts ControlCockroaches ControlOthers

Application Segment Analysis:


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Regional Analysis For Agricultural Pest ControlMarket

North America(the United States, Canada, and Mexico)Europe(Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)Asia-Pacific(China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia)South America(Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)The Middle East and Africa(Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa)

The objectives of the report are:

To analyze and forecast the market size of Agricultural Pest ControlIndustry in theglobal market. To study the global key players, SWOT analysis, value and global market share for leading players. To determine, explain and forecast the market by type, end use, and region. To analyze the market potential and advantage, opportunity and challenge, restraints and risks of global key regions. To find out significant trends and factors driving or restraining the market growth. To analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders by identifying the high growth segments. To critically analyze each submarket in terms of individual growth trend and their contribution to the market. To understand competitive developments such as agreements, expansions, new product launches, and possessions in the market. To strategically outline the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies.

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At last, the study gives out details about the major challenges that are going to impact market growth. They also report provides comprehensive details about the business opportunities to key stakeholders to grow their business and raise revenues in the precise verticals. The report will aid the companys existing or intend to join in this market to analyze the various aspects of this domain before investing or expanding their business in the Agricultural Pest Control markets.

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Beverly residents want city to help with rat problems – The Salem News

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on July 5th, 2021

BEVERLY Rats hanging from pear trees. Rats eating through trash cans. Rats getting inside houses.

Residents who attended a public hearing Monday night at City Hall about you guessed it, rats did not paint a pretty picture of what they say is a growing problem in the city.

"I spent all last summer battling these things," Hillcrest Avenue resident Steven Miller said. "It's just so intense. You create a solution and they work right around it."

The meeting was requested by Ward 4 City Councilor Scott Houseman, who said councilors have received many complaints from residents for a number of years about "rodent infestation issues" and the city's approach to addressing them.

"Despite many private and public conversations with and amongst city officials and the public on the subject, the city has made no apparent progress or changes in approach, or budgetary allocations, to deal with the issue," Houseman wrote in a letter to the City Council.

About 30 people attended the meeting, including 10 residents who told of their own battles with rats.Chase Street resident Christine DePalma showed up with a poster board that included seven pictures of rats that she said have been taken in her neighborhood over the last few weeks.

"In a week's time I see more rats in my neighborhood than I do my human neighbors," DePalma told councilors. "I can no longer garden or use my yard. I feel like it's a war on rodents."

Lothrop Street resident Jenna Mayer said she and her husband were so excited to buy their first home last year only to be greeted by rats on the first day.

"I'm literally in fear of my own yard and my own basement," she said. "I moved out of the city to enjoy the space and I can't even use half of it."

Some residents said construction projects are the cause of some of the rat problems. Others pointed to businesses with overflowing dumpsters. Many of the residents live in the neighborhoods in the downtown area between Cabot and Rantoul streets.

"I have received more emails and calls and probably worked harder on this issue than any others," said Ward 3 Councilor Stacy Ames, who represents the area. "I can just imagine how difficult it is for everyone to have to reach out to the city and talk about the issue. It's not all that comfortable. I give you all kudos for being here tonight."

But Ames added that the rat problem is a "communitywide issue."

Houseman said he requested the public hearing as a "fact finding" meeting to start the process of examining what role the city should play in addressing the problem. He said he is working with the city solicitor's office to craft an ordinance to control rats in the city.

"What I've been hearing from my constituents is that they've been left to their own devices in dealing with the issue," Houseman said. "I think this is a public health issue and I think city government can and should take a more active role in it."

Mayor Mike Cahill said he welcomed more discussion on what steps the city can take. He said the city requires a pest management plan whenever a building project goes before the Planning Board. There are also requirements to bait and trap rats when National Grid installs new underground lines, he said.

Cahill said the city stepped in to fix rat problems at two houses recently due to unusual circumstances, but cannot do that every time.

"We've been wrestling with this for years in terms of what is the right approach," Cahill said.

Michael Becker, an exterminator from Waltham Pest Services who was invited to the meeting by city officials, said there is no "one size fits all" solution to rat problems. He recommended that residents make sure their trash cans are tightly sealed and that businesses do not have overflowing dumpsters.

"Rats, mice, they've been here forever," Becker said. "I hate to break the bad news to you but they're not going anywhere."

Putnam Street resident Heidi Roberts, who is president of the Friends of Beverly Animals, said she had a rat problem at her house last spring, but said she does not want to use poison to get rid of them.

"We need to be very humane about this," Roberts said. "Rats have a right to live too."

Staff writer Paul Leighton can be reached at 978-338-2535, by email at, or on Twitter at @heardinbeverly.

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