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Here’s What Really Kills CockroachesAnd What Doesn’t – Reader’s Digest

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 20th, 2019

Theres no denying that cockroaches are the absolute worst. They are gross to look at, they can spread a range of diseases, and they can even squish their bodies into half their size and climb into tight spaces. Yeah. Nasty. Fortunately, there are ways to get rid of cockroaches.

Having this pest in your home is probably the last thing you want. If this is the reality you face, its time to start figuring out how to get rid of these suckers.Make sure you knowthe subtle sign your house could be infested with cockroaches.

Although the exterminator is probably the best route when it comes to getting rid of cockroaches, some people are up for trying natural remedies to get rid of these little buggers. If you do decide to pursue the natural route to getting rid of cockroaches as opposed to hiring an exterminator, here are the things you should know that your exterminator wont tell you.

Want to catch the roach without running around your house? Try adhesive-based traps. According to Orkin, a pest control company, Sticky cockroach bait traps are a good monitoring tool, but not a good way to get rid of cockroaches. Based on the limitations of their size and design, they often fail to catch more than a few insects at a time. However, when employed in the right way, a cockroach trap can still play a role in dealing with pest infestations.

Adhesive-based traps can help with the roaches that are roaming around your house, but unfortunately, this will not help you in locating the roachs original nest (where you will probably find even more roaches). Here are a few chemical-free ways to get rid of pests.

This may come as a bit of a shock, but people have tested using cucumbers as a way to repel roaches away from their home. The theory is to use cucumber peels to ward off cockroaches because they find the smell repulsive. However, the myth has been busted and doesnt actually get rid of cockroaches. According to pest control companyWestern Exterminator, Many think that this home remedy for cockroaches works as a natural repellent as roaches hate the smell of cucumber. This is a myth. In fact, youre more likely to attract these crawling insects than repel them by offering them a free dinner! Did you know that other foods have unique uses besides just for eating?Here are a fewextraordinary uses for everyday foods.

If you want to get rid of the nest, this is the way to go. According to Western Exterminator, bait comes in three forms: liquid, gel, and solidand after feeding on the bait, thecockroachlikely return toits nest, whereit will defecate. Other hungry cockroaches in the nest consume the feces and saliva from the poisoned cockroach and will therefore be affected by the bait as well. Its gross, but effective.

Some people have written that citrus water, herbs or even essential oils can stave off cockroaches from your home. According to pest control company Terminix, Keeping a clean house can help prevent a roach infestation, but it cannot cure one. Even with a clean home, roaches can still enter to search for food and water if yourpoints of entry are not sealedand the weather outside drives them in. Sadly, this is just another myth busted by pest control experts. Next, make sure you know thesethings in your house that are attracting pests right now.

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Here's What Really Kills CockroachesAnd What Doesn't - Reader's Digest

How to Get Rid of Snakes – How to Get Rid of Copperhead and Garden Snakes – Country Living

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 18th, 2019

If you're a fan of Samuel L. Jackson (and who isn't?), you may think about snakes on a plane nearly every single time you board. Luckily, the chances of your next flight to LAX being filled with a thousand slithering serpents is unlikely. However, the odds of one showing up in your amazing and beautifully planned garden is much more likely. When you've put a lot of time and money into your tricked-out backyard, the last thing you want to do is be too afraid to enjoy it.

And plenty of people are afraid of snakes. According to a 2001 Gallup poll, a fear of snakes (aka "ophidiophobia") tops the list of our nation's greatest fears51 percent of the population reports shivering in their gardening boots if they espy one wriggling by. And while getting rid of snakes may not be as easy as getting rid of fruit flies or ants, the process doesn't have to be too scary. Read on to get every single snake question you've ever had answered.

For the most part, snakes are not your enemy! The vast majority of snakes are harmless and most, even those that are poisonous, can be beneficial. Snakes are a key species in the food chain. They eat rodents, such as mice and rats. So if you can stomach it, leave them to do their thing. And keep in mind, they are probably just as afraid of you as you are of them!

If you see a copperhead or any poisonous snake in your yard, gather up the kids and pets and retreat to the house immediately! Do not try and kill it on your own. In some areas animal control or the local fire department may help remove the offending critter. If this isnt an option where you live, do an internet search for a pest removal company. Make sure that they have expertise/experience in dealing with snakes.

Dont! But if you must, start by giving the snake a chance to move on. If he insists on sticking around give him a squirt with the garden hose. This will usually encourage him to wiggle away.

Your best bet is to keep your yard clean and tidy. Other than removing their preferred habitat, there are no proven natural snake repellents.

Rumor has it that snakes hate the smell of ammonia, and if you soak rags in it, put them in plastic bags, and scatter them outside your house, it will cause snakes to stay away. This is highly unscientific and untested. Again, probably best to just keep your yard neat.

Nope. This is a myth. All they'll do is stink and fill your yard with poisonous chemicals.

If you have a snake inside, you likely have a mouse, so the first step would be to call a pest control company. They can safely remove the snake, determine if you have a rodent problem, and then take the necessary steps to solve it.

Dont use glue traps. They are cruel and can harm pets. To determine the best trap for your offender, call your local animal wildlife officer or state wildlife agency.

Once you've caught and removed the snake, find and seal any cracks in the foundation that are greater than 1/4 inch. Make sure all windows and doors are tight, including screens. Cover vents and drains with a tight galvanized mesh screen.

Andreas AltenburgerGetty Images

Before you reach for the garden hoe, head to the book shelf and grab a copy of your snake identification book. Don't have one? The internet can help, too. You need to determine whether your snake is poisonous. If he's not, you could simply head back inside the house, lock the door, and wait for him to go on his merry way. As stated above snakes, are an essential part of a healthy environment.

But if you want that snake gone right now, here are a few tricks for keeping them out of your home.

Tidy up the yard. A snake's favorite snack is a rodent. Remove the food, and the snakes won't come around anymore. Additionally, snakes like to burrow, so eliminate rock and wood piles and keep sheds orderly. Keep the grass short. Not only are snakes are less likely to lounge in short grass, but they will also be easier to spot.

Get rid of the bird feeder. Mice love bird seed. Snakes love mice.

Feed pets inside. Any stray bit of kibble may attract mice. As we've mentioned, mice attract snakes.

Install a snake-proof fence. If you live in an area that has a high number of venomous snakes, you can install a snake-proof fence or snake-proof an existing one. This process can vary depending on the kinds of snakes you're attracting and the region where you live.

For a new fence: Snakes can climb, so install your fence at an outward angle (The North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension recommends a 30 degree angle from top to bottom) with the supports on the inside of the fence. Attach a tight wire mesh (1/4-inch openings or less) to the fence and make sure it extends at least 6 inches into the ground and 30 inches up the fence.

For an existing fence: Keep in mind that this works best with a fence that is made from tight wood slats. Start by installing the wire mesh as mentioned above. Next install a slick surface (such as metal flashing) at the top, outside, and edge of the fence. This will cause a snake trying to climb up and over the fence to lose its grip and (hopefully) fall to the ground.

Keep branches at bay. As mentioned, snakes can climb, so prevent them from dropping into your yard from branches (talk about heebie-jeebies!) by trimming away any overhanging tree branches.

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How to Get Rid of Snakes - How to Get Rid of Copperhead and Garden Snakes - Country Living

Over 120,000 Bees Discovered In LI Home –

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 16th, 2019

EAST ISLIP, NY - A Long Island couple got more than they bargained for after discovering hundreds of thousands of bees inside their East Islip home. Nicholas Sarro was renovating the 81-year-old house on Division Avenue when he came across the massive hive containing over 120,000 honey bees.

Nicholas and his wife, Sandra, have lived in the home for nearly 40 years, doing work along the way such as fixing the roof and replacing the windows, according to a Newsday report. Their son, Nicholas, discovered the guest room full of bees a few years ago, and responding by shutting the door and leaving a note that read "Room Full of Bees, Don't Open the Door." The family opened the window, sealed off the room and thought they had gotten rid of the bees, but when Sarro went to work to re-roof his home a few months ago, he found the bees didn't go too far. The bees had formed a 7-foot by 14-foot hive in the wall.

That's when local bee expert, Anthony "Tony Bees" Planakis, paid a visit to the home, saying the hive was the biggest he's ever seen, Newsday reports. He advised the couple to keep the bees until he could move it in April.

"If they were roaches or bedbugs or anything else I would've called an exterminator," Sarro told Newsday. "But honey bees? Einstein said if the bees go, so does man. I'm not smarter than Einstein, so I'll take him at his word."

In addition to the bees, the walls of Sarro's home are believed to have an estimated 70 pounds of honey inside, according the New York Post. Planakis will most likely be moving the bees in April, once the flowers bloom, using special tools to remove the colony over the course of three to four days, the New York Post reports. Once the $1,000 project is complete, the bees will be donated to other beekeepers.

"And I will miss them when they're gone. I will," Sandra told CBS2 News.

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HARVEY’S Pest Control Provides Top Tips to Prevent Bugs from Spoiling the Holiday Season – Benzinga

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 15th, 2019

Los Angeles, CA, December 14, 2019 --( Since 1974, HARVEYS Pest Control has provided local service in Los Angeles and professional grade pest control supplies nationwide. Their slogan is, "The science behind the pest thats bugging our customers." (

Helping people solve their problems dealing with a pest of any nature is their goal, ultimately removing pests to give customers peace of mind. This is their way of becoming their customers' partner in pest prevention to making a major environmental impact in the world.

"We believe every American is going to deal with some kind of infestation in their lifetime. This is why it is so important to know the basics of exterminating to eradicate pests effectively and to use professional grade products. Over-the-counter pest control products are not designed to kill, but only to flush out. Many insects have already built a high level of resistance to pesticides due to wide usage, and this is why over-the-counter pest control products do not work, " says Michael Harvey of HARVEYS Pest Control.

84% of American homeowners experience a pest problem each year. The top issues for homeowners are:

- Bed Bugs (A Nuisance)- Cockroaches (Disease Borne)- Rat & Mice (Disease Borne)- Fleas (Disease Borne)- Mosquitoes (Disease Borne)- Spiders (Painful or Life Threatening)- Ticks (Disease Borne)- Termites (Structural Damage)- As well as many other dangerous pests according to the Center of Disease Control. (CDC)

Following are tips for homeowners for pest management this holiday season:

1. Store holiday decorations properly in durable plastic, tightly sealed containers.

2. Keep the kitchen clean, as this room is the main reason pests are attracted to the home. Dispose of garbage regularly, seal food in containers and keep all cabinets clean.

3. Seal all gaps by installing door sweeps on front and back doors. Seal all cracks and crevices where bugs can hide inside, including areas where the utilities pipes enter.

Follow these steps to avoid visits from seasonal pests. Kick start the New Year with a pest proofing sweep to help eliminate an infestation later.

Our job is to provide public safety to prevent injuries from insects, illnesses, and diseases. Those dealing with an infestation or who need professional-grade supplies for preventive measures with free shipping may visit HARVEYS Pest Control at

"We Get'Em!"

Contact Information:HARVEY'S Pest ControlMichael Harvey323-637-2665Contact via

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HARVEY'S Pest Control Provides Top Tips to Prevent Bugs from Spoiling the Holiday Season - Benzinga

What works (and what doesn’t) when it comes to keeping snakes away at home – Starts at 60

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 15th, 2019

While keeping snakes away from your home completely might not be an option, there are some things you can do to make your place less inviting for them.

Mowing your lawn regularly will not only make your house look nice, but it will help control mice and other insects that are an appealing food source for snakes. Remove excess vegetation and weeds, any piles of debris in areas where snakes can hide. Keep your trees and shrubs trimmed and away from the home and garage. If you store firewood or similar materials, keep them elevated from the ground.

As lovely as it is to hear the sound of birds singing in the backyard, its recommended that you dont use bird feeders or bird baths to attract them, and that if you do feed wildlife with fruits and nuts, be sure to clean up any of the mess that falls onto your lawn. Snakes might not be interested in the salad platter, but they are interested in rodents and other animals that will likely be attracted to such things. If you cant bear to stop feeding the birds, be sure to store the feed in a metal container with a lid that fits tightly.

Keep your compost piles in a closed container. This will keep snakes and rodents away from your house.

Go around your house and inspect and seal any crevices at the foundations, which will help keep snakes from getting inside your house. Consider screens over vents and sealing openings around plumbing that enters or exits your home.

Consider your landscaping design. Large rock spaces in your landscaping can provide the perfect hiding space for snakes as well as their prey. Water features and fish ponds also attract snakes.

How do you limit the food source of a snake? Its simple.

If you have pets, bring them inside to be fed. Snakes arent at all interested in what your cat or dog is having for dinner, but they are interested in the rodents that your pets food will attract. Be sure to clean up any uneaten food straight away. Store your dry pet food in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. You may also wish to contact a local pest control company to treat your home so that any other tasty morsels (think insects, frogs, lizards etc.) for snakes are given their eviction notice to your house.

If you have a chicken coop or aviary, there are signs you can look for to determine if there is a snake. These include fewer or missing eggs, regurgitated egg shells, snake skins, a chicken or bird with a wet head (a sign that a snake tried to eat it, but perhaps gave up). Take a look around the enclosure for any access points where a snake might come in and block those access points to keep snakes out of the coop and nesting boxes. Other tips:

While it might be your first reaction to reach for a shovel, snakes represent an important part of our ecosystem. For that reason, there are some things that are not advised when it comes to deterring snakes from your home.

Mothballs shouldnt be used. They are made from chemicals that are toxic to insects and mammals, but arent effective against snakes.

Avoid using ceramic eggs or golf balls in your chicken coop. Snakes eat these artificial eggs and their death is slow and painful. Whats worse is that youll only increase your snake problem because new snakes will show up to take that snakes place. Consider improving the chicken coop area using the suggestions above instead.

Refrain from using guns, shovels or other weapons. This is just an increased risk to your own personal safety. Instead, try using a hose to spray water onto the snake, which will encourage it to find somewhere new to hang out.

Finally, the best advice Starts at 60 has been given when it comes to snakes is to just leave them alone. Chances are they will move on without causing you any trouble. Of course, if one does enter your home the recommended advice it to keep an eye on it and if you feel threatened by it, call an expert.

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What works (and what doesn't) when it comes to keeping snakes away at home - Starts at 60

Cold weather means mice enticed to warm homes – CT Insider

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 12th, 2019

Its the season of the mouse.

Skittering and scratching along the walls, nibbling at toast crumbs and apple peelings while we sleep or gathering an attic nut stash, our most common wildlife creature makes its mark now bits of black droppings in the cupboards, the hurried flash of gray and brown as it scoots across the kitchen floor.

Mice are our number one complaint right now, said Tom Dommermuth, owner of WESTCONN Pest Control in New Fairfield.

Mice, and flying squirrels, said Joel Ray, owner of Bats R Us Wildlife Removal Specialists in Bethel.

We cannot ever really get rid of them. Nor should we want to. They matter.

Outdoors, mice disperse seeds and nuts, eat things like gypsy moth larvae, and provide sustenance bite-sized and bit-by-bit to predators whether hawk, owl, fox, bobcat or coyotes.

They play a vital role in the environment, said urban wildlife expert Laura Simon.

Many live through the winter tunneling passageways under the snow. What we see as a placid white blanket is covering a little rodent subway system, where mice and their cousins, the voles, carry on until a fox pounces or an owl swoops down.

Which is why some mice opt for the indoors; its warm and hawk-free. Its staying alive.

Its one of the challenges of such small things, said Jenny Dickson, director of the wildlife division of the state Department of Energy and Environmental Protection.

Dickson said that, in the wild, there are two species of nocturnal mice humans almost never see the woodland jumping mouse and the meadow jumping mouse. Both have long tails, and strong back legs to propel them through the world.

Youll never see them indoors, she said.

Which leaves white-footed mice our most common rodent species and deer mice. The two species are nearly identical and often get lumped together as field mice.

And there are also house mice. Theyre an Old World species that came over on whatever boat sailed from Europe from France, from the Netherlands, from England or Spain in the 17th century and landed on North American shores.

Just like the rest of us, said Simon.

She questions whether the house mouse, which has cohabited with humans for thousands of years, might have scurried over the Bering land bridge, following the original settlers on this place.

People are quick to say non-native when its something they dont like, Simon said.

The DEEPs Dickson said that most of the mice we see are white-footed mice.

In rural and suburban homes, absolutely, she said. Theyre a native species thats successful in a lot of habitats in the state.

They are little brown mice with white bellies and white feet. House mice, in comparison, are uniformly dusty gray-brown all over.

Field mice, deer mice, house mice, youll find them all, Dommermuth of WESTCONN Pest Control said.

People dont want mice in their homes for obvious reasons.

Theyre unsanitary. They leave droppings. They can tear up insulation to make nests and chew on electrical wires. If they die inside a wall, they stink as they decay. And because female mice can have a new litter every 60 days or so, they can have lots of babies.

There is also musophobia the absolute, deep-seated dread of mice that can leave some people in a true panic when they see one.

Its like snakes, Simon said.

The reason may have to do with basic mouse-iness.

Theyre quick and they have naked tails, Simon said. If they moved slower and had fluffy tails, people would think theyre cute.

To combat mice infestations, people should start looking in the fall for any small entryway that, when it turns cold, mice can squeeze through. Because they are good climbers, that can mean looking at roof lines as well as the ground.

It can be where pipes enter the house, Simon said.

Once you have mice, the best method of getting rid of them are snap traps whether old-fashioned or the better mousetraps now available.

People shouldnt poison them, because if they mouse eats poison and them goes outside to die, theres a chance a predator will get a dose of poison as well.

Its a real problem, said Ray of Bats R Us.

Nor should they use glue traps, which hold mice in place until they die slowly of starvation.

Of all the inhumane ways to kill a mouse, snap traps are the most humane, Simon said.

Contact Robert Miller at

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Basildon’s The Moon on the Square Wetherspoons pub evacuated and shut after mouse spotted by customers – Essex Live

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 12th, 2019

An Essex Wetherspoons pub was evacuated and closed after a mouse was spotted by customers.

One 'single mouse' was seen roaming the Moon on the Square in Basildon by punters on Saturday, (December 6).

They pub was swiftly evacuated and closed so that pest control could be called to remove the rodent in the pub off of Fodderwick in the town centre.

Staff reopened the pub at around 6pm the same day, after a pest control engineer announced the rodent had come in from outside.

A spokesman for JD Wetherspoon said:"We can confirm that there was a sighting of a single mouse, in the customer area at The Moon on the Square (Basildon), on Saturday 6 December.

"Pest control were immediately called, and the decision was made to close the pub until the problem was dealt with. The pub reopened at approximately 6pm on the same day (Saturday).

"The pest control engineer confirmed that the rodent had come in from outside (due to local building activity) and the point of entry to the building was identified and blocked, with ongoing monitoring now taking place.

"Council EHO attended the pub today (10 December) and were satisfied that the problem has been resolved."

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Basildon's The Moon on the Square Wetherspoons pub evacuated and shut after mouse spotted by customers - Essex Live

What Is The Importance Of Insects In The Ecosystem? – World Atlas

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 12th, 2019

The ecosystem can be defined as the complex of organisms, their environment, and their interrelationships in a given geographical area. Natural ecosystems provide invaluable services to humans and other organisms that are essential for their survival and well-being. Services provided by the ecosystem can include the provision of food, water, fiber, and other resources, while non-material benefits of the ecosystem can consist of recreation and aesthetic value. The ecosystem also supports pollination, primary production, decomposition, and soil formation, which is essential for resource production. Other vital aspects of the ecosystem include biological control and feedback mechanisms that ensure consistent delivery of services. While provided at no cost, the value of ecosystem services across the worldis estimated at 33 trillion US dollars annually. Ecosystems are also responsible for several disservices such as litter, pests, diseases, poisonous and allergenic organisms, animal attacks, and geophysical hazards like floods. Many of the disservices listed are, however, exacerbated by increased anthropogenic destabilization of ecosystem structures, food webs, and processes responsible for the mitigation of events such as storms, floods, and other weather systems.

While all organisms in the ecosystem are essential, the role played by insects is particularly vital. Often under-appreciated and viewed by some as a nuisance, insects are lever pullers of the world. According toNational Geographic, there are about 1.4 billion insects for every human on Earth, and all of them play a crucial role in the ecosystem. John Losey and Mace Vaughan, ecologists, based in the US,researched the economic contribution of insects in the United Statesand found it to be about $57 billion, not including the pollination. The value came mainly from wildlife, which is typically serviced by insects and forms an essential part of the food chain for birds, mammals, and fish. Insects are responsible for biological pest control that also accounts for an additional half-billion in value in the economy. Experts agree that the economic value derived from insects is, in some cases, unquantifiable. For example, it is difficult to calculate how much it costs to decompose plant life and dead bodies in the environment.

Insects are responsible for the pollination ofabout 80% of trees and busheson the entire planet. Plants invest significant amounts of energy in the formation of attractive blooms full of nectar. Such features are produced primarily to attract insects that act as the chief agents of pollination for most of them. Some of the plant species that have developed such features include Maple, Cherry, Hawthorne, Buckthorn, Lime, and Rowan Berry. The relationship between plants and insects is very complex. Orchids, for example, have co-evolved with insects over millions of years and can only be pollinated by a single species of insect. After the examination of an orchid species found in Madagascar,Charles Darwin predicted that a moth would be discovered in the area with a proboscis that is 11 inches long. Scientists have since found a species of moth in the area that pollinates that orchid, which has a corolla tube with a length of 11 inches. Bees are some of the most important pollinators in the ecosystem. Insects such as bees usually pick up pollen in baskets formed by hairs on their abdomens or legs. Without bees, most of the plants we rely on would not be able to produce most of the food we eat. Most of the plants also would not be able to reproduce. Watermelons in Florida or almonds in California probably would not be available if it were not for bees. Declining pollinator populations in some areas have prompted governments to implement pest management and efficient land-use practices to promote pollinator activity. Today authorities understand the need to protect and restore habitats necessary for the sustenance of pollinator diversity.

Ants play a crucial role in the dispersal of fruit and seeds from plants.There are more than 150 species of plantsthat rely on insects for dispersal. Some plants produce fruit and seeds that are eaten and collected by ants. Seeds that are not consumed germinate along paths used by ants. By utilizing insects such as ants, plants ensure that their seeds are dispersed over long distances without having to rely on wind.

Insects play a vital role in the decomposition of animal and plant matter, which is essential for the release of nutrients that are later utilized for growing plants. Decomposition also helps in the removal of disease-causing organisms in carcasses. Dung beetles and termites are particularly crucial as they provide agricultural service by removing and assisting in the decomposition of livestock dung, thus limiting the fouling of pasture through the accumulation of excrement. Such services also help in improving water and carbon storage in soil, reduction of livestock loss as a result of blood-feeding flies, and the reduction of nitrogen loss due to volatilization and erosion. The importance of such services is best illustrated in Australia, where fouled pasture due todung accumulation threatened livestock productionin the country. Native dung beetles did not readily feed on dung produced by livestock because they are adapted to feeding on dung produced by native marsupials. The government was, therefore, forced to launch an expensive program that led to the introduction of predaceous mite and dung beetle species from different continents to get rid of dung and eliminate blood-feeding fly larvae found in the dung. The program illustrated the value and costs of services provided by insects.

Insects provide nutrition to other animals that include birds and humans. Typical insect feeders among the birds include woodpeckers, warblers, tits, cuckoos, and sparrows. Other wild insect-eating vertebrates are lizards, frogs, toads, mice, salamanders, and bats.Over 3,000 ethnic groups eat 2,086 species of insects across 130 countries. Insects are, therefore, an essential source of nutrition to many people around the world. Insect consumption is also increasingly becoming popular in different parts around the world. In Borneo, rice is served with a side of bugs blended with chilies and salt, and cooked in bamboo stems. In Mexico, chapulines (grasshoppers) are served with a lot of spices. In some African communities, caterpillars are very popular and are a great source of iron, zinc, potassium, and calcium. On the Island of Sardinia, people eat Casu Marzu crying cheese- that is made with maggots. In some restaurants in Tokyo, insects of various kinds are also served. Insects require less energy for metabolism compared to livestock and poultry. Insects also produce protein, which is estimated to be 300 times more efficient than cattle. Replacing proteins produced by vertebrates with insect protein is likely to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly while also saving grain required for feed production. Adopting insect protein consumption is also proving very profitable. During a grasshopper outbreak in Mexico,harvesting of the insects generated $3,000 in revenue per family as opposed to the $150 cost that would have been incurred had control via insecticide treatment been implemented. Some experts predict that insect protein could be an essential food for the future.

Predaceous insects and insectivorous vertebrates provide important environmental regulation mechanisms of various organisms, which include pest species. Biological control in the United States isvalued at $5.4 billion per year.The economic benefit derived from the biological control in Costa Ricas coffee sector alone is estimated to be between $75 and $310 per hectare each year. The financial gain per plantation is equal to the annual income of the average Costa Rica citizen. Predation by various insect species also helps in controlling disease vectors.

Insect aggregations in different parts of the world are a delight to watch and often attract tourists who bring revenue to local communities. For example, in Mexico,aggregations of monarch butterflies attract touristsfrom around the world eager to watch the phenomenon.

Scientists think that insects aresolutions to several environmental issues facing the worldtoday. Insects can be used as part of comprehensive solutions to global challenges, including the provision of sustainable fuel, food production, and mitigating environmental degradation.

The management of insects, the ecosystem, and their interactions in a sustainable way is crucial for the survival of all organisms. Unfortunately, most people, especially those in urban environments, often lack appreciation for the significance of insects in the ecosystem that we depend on. Dependence on insects and the services they provide only becomes apparent when delivery is threatened. The consequences of interrupting sustainable delivery of services in the ecosystem can lead to famine, threats to human health, and economic disruption.Scientists believe that over 40% of insect species could go extinctin the not so distant future due to habitat loss. Attitudes towards the various taxa influence public support toward the conservation of species. Unfortunately, there exists widespread negativity towards insects, which consequently detracts efforts aimed at conservation. There are, however, several countries where insect conservation is being prioritized. RecentlyGerman environmentalists collected 1.75 million signatures to support a save the bees lawthat required immediate action and transition towards organic farming. Experts believe that such strategies addressing all insects need to be adopted in all countries across the world.

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What Is The Importance Of Insects In The Ecosystem? - World Atlas

The director of this movie about rats has some novel ideas about Trump and filmmaking – Stock Daily Dish

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 11th, 2019

Of all the creative types grappling with their role in the era, documentarians face possibly the trickiest scenario. Theyre expected to respond to the world around them with relevant nonfiction stories.

But they also have to take their time to craft those stories, in a news cycle that often can rush quickly past. And on top of that, theyre facing a culture in which truth jostles with fake news and alternative facts.

These dilemmas are sized up in as we cover the True/False Film Festival out of Columbia, Mo. True/False is an epicenter of documentary trends, and we found artists and experts seeking new ways to confront this era.

Theo Anthony, a Baltimore-based filmmaker, 27, has just made a film about rats. Well, sort of about rats. His Rat Film, a formally abstract piece, examines his home citys rodent crisis through the lens of history, science and assorted modern-day characters. While the film, which Cinema Guild will release later this year, never explicitly tells us what to think about Baltimores approaches to handling the pest, it also soon becomes an allegory of race-relations in the city.

We caught up with the director shortly after his film played True/False.

The Times: You said at the screening that youre not really a rat guy, that this is just a vehicle. Were you attracted to them for any particular reason, or

Theo Anthony: Im fine with rats. I just dont want to be the rat guy forever. Theyre really just an incredible vector across so many different people, places and history. Its not so much what that thing is its just a common side to all of those things. I could have made a film about public transportation. Buses: how do buses link us? Anything that links places and time could have been the subject of the film. Its just a thing that has direction and momentum that you can tag along and see what it bumps into.

But you saw in them some allegorical meaning, right? Otherwise why make a film particularly about them?

I dont think I ever saw rats as equal to humans. I try to bait people into that interpretation, only to show them how much fuzzier it is the closer you get to it. Specifically with race relations: Rats dont just happen anywhere. If you look at rats, they thrive where humans dont. To me that was really interesting. Im never placing an equal sign Rats are the pest symbols of the underbelly of society. But they have been tested on, and blacks in the American city have been tested on, in terms of redlining. You learn a lot about how we treat humans by how we treat rats.

One of the joys of watching the film is also one of the confusing aspects of watching this film figuring out the shape of it. Did you consciously want to disorient viewers?

I think its a film that teaches you how to watch it as you go along. For the first 20 minutes you pop around without really knowing whats happening. And then at a certain point you return to the characters. I put a lot in the first cut. And then the edit became about taking away. Just seeing what the least I could have in there and still convey the most accurate picture of the story.

The film is certainly minimalist. But its also digressive; we jump from scientists researching rats in the early 20th century to an exterminator making house calls. Was that always part of the plan, to line up different pieces without much regard for transition?

In general I want to push back on the hierarchical approach to documentary. When youre trying to order the entire structure or experience around a single topic the question is how to do that. The film itself isnt trying to be any one thing. Its a documentation of my natural process of discovery. When my producer first saw the film he said, This film is like surfing the Internet. And thats exactly how I think and go about things. My day is clicking through tabs in a browser. I have 20 or 30 tabs on the screen and Im just clicking through stories. Reading all these different articles via hyperlinks, I realize Im reading all the different sides of the same shape. I just tried to convey that in the clearest way possible.

Where did this philosophy come from? Did you watch the talking-head documentaries of the past few decades and say, basically, I want to bomb that form?

I dont think I have anything against a traditional documentary model. I just dont like when this very subjective approach is masked as an objective pillar. This is what objectivity looks like. I want to set all these different forms from archival to objective to abstract against each other. Theyre building each other and then sabotaging each other.

The question of how to approach a documentary feels especially relevant now with an aggressive set of policies from the current White House.

I have problems with a lot of documentaries about social issues. I think they put forth this really hierarchical understanding of the world that just replaces one hegemony of power with another, to the point that, even the most socially conscious political documentaries, their progressive messages are betrayed by really conservative forms that dont lead us to question how things are structured or delivered. You cant just be focused on a good message. If youre just watching an incredible piece on a Syrian refugee on the nightly news and youre consuming it like you consume your take-home dinner, its not doing anything, its not bringing us closer to anything. Its a bait-and-switch, an illusion of intimacy when its really just a slick consumer package.

And you think a lot of filmmakers and journalists are guilty of this?

The very means by which the Trump administration is succeeding, in this reality landscape, is the same means as CNNs ecosystem. And theres no investigation of this. CNN will make more money this year than they ever have before on the backs of Trump headlines. Theyre profiting from the same system. And theres no discussion about it, no self-awareness, no self-reflexivity about how we fundamentally engage with news and media. Thats the biggest political dilemma. Its not a left or right issue.

Its interesting that you group CNN with this. Theres an argument that the left-leaning media, and particularly progressive filmmakers, have a greater role in the age of alternative facts.

The think piece I always joke about is how the Sundance hybrid doc led to the rise of alt-facts. In 2012 or 2013 a lot of people thought, Were doing great, Obama is riding strong. So then came this hybrid doc that said, Narrative, documentary, its all the same. They were really stylized. They showed poor people in a beautiful light. That was a bad turn in film. Denying the fact that theres a boundary between documentary and fiction is really insidious and violent act. It means anything can pass. Its a very easy slide into nihilism from there. Theres now a porous, dynamic boundary between documentary and narrative.

Of course documentarians do have points of view, and probably should be able to use other techniques besides observation. Or do you disagree with that assumption?

The barometer for me when I watch is How aware is the person of that boundary. Its one thing of you know it when you know it. You know a documentary because it happened, and you can feel it. And narrative didnt happen. And interchanging that is a slide into nihilism and really dangerous. Yes, things are subjective. But I try to be as transparently subjective as possible.

So you can shape and manipulate, you believe, just make clear youre doing it.

Its about letting the authorship into it, saying youre a filmmaker and have a history and here it is. Theres a different wave of these things, and maybe it will be totally different in four years or two years or a year. But I know Im having a lot of conversations with people right now about this. Were thinking about a lot of the same things. And Im seeing it in a lot of different forms, like the movies of [Kate Plays Christine and Actress director] Robert Greene. How do we create a blueprint for ideas that can educate people and spread information around? Its films that are aware of the process, where were not just telling people things but giving access to tools for how to make their own stories. Its about teaching people not a message but how to make their own message, showing documentary isnt a castle on a hill but is accessible and anyone can do it. I think thats what we should be doing right now.

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The director of this movie about rats has some novel ideas about Trump and filmmaking - Stock Daily Dish

Moon on the Square, Basildon, closed after mouse is found – Echo

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on December 10th, 2019

A PUB was evacuated and closed after a mouse was spotted by punters.

JD Wetherspoon has confirmed it was forced to shut the Moon on the Square, in Basildon, on Saturday after the rodent was spotted in the customer area.

A spokesman for the company said: We can confirm that there was a sighting of a single mouse, in the customer area at The Moon on the Square on Saturday December 6.

Pest control were immediately called, and the decision was made to close the pub until the problem was dealt with. The pub reopened at approximately 6pm on the same day.

The pest control engineer confirmed that the rodent had come in from outside, due to local building activity, and the point of entry to the building was identified and blocked, with ongoing monitoring now taking place.

Council EHO attended the pub today - Tuesday - and were satisfied that the problem has been resolved.

A Basildon Council spokesman said: We have received no reports of any concerns regarding this premises but would expect a company of this size to have their own procedures in place.

The council also confirmed it had reached out to the company to confirm the premises was satisfactory.

The rest is here:
Moon on the Square, Basildon, closed after mouse is found - Echo

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