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Local News Bed Bugs, A Pesky Problem That Can Happen Anywhere You Live Tatianna Taylor 4 –

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on March 6th, 2020

TULSA, Okla. Apartments have had issues where creepy critters easily moved from one unit to another.

A local exterminator told 2 Works for You what it takes to get rid of the bugs and what renters need to ask about who pays to get rid of them if it happens to you.

"They are a very strong bug and they can lay dormant for 12 to 18 months without a food source and kind of hibernate," Joseph Hall said.

Hall knows all about bed bugs. He says they can be picked up in any public place and end up in your home.

So, what do you do when they move in?

"I would suggest not spraying any chemicals especially the over the counter chemicals," Hall said. "Most of those are detectable. Any detectable chemical can and will send the bugs into hiding."

However, he says most apartment complexes treat with chemicals.

"We recommend not using any chemicals unless you're having a heat treatment done with it, and a non detectable chemical as well," Hall said.

Hall says over the years, bed bugs have grown a thick wax shell to protect them from chemicals. Heat is the only thing that works.

"A generator powers our heaters that are 460,000 volts a piece," Hall said. "There are six of them. We spread them out around the property that we are treating. We heat it up to 135 to 150 degrees in that range."

Keri Cooper is the executive director of the Tulsa Apartments Association. She says renters should be aware of bed bug policies before moving in.

Also, they should be aware that you have a little time after moving in to report an infestation without being charged.

"Review those lease documents that you are going to be signing," Cooper said. "Make sure you are comfortable. Make sure you understand everything that you're signing."

And know the rules aren't always the same from one property to the next.

The Health Department wants you to know bed bugs don't carry diseases, but their bite can make you itch.

Exterminators say they often hear from parents that fear schools or day cares won't let their children attend if there are bed bugs in the home.

if you have that concern, talk to your school or daycare to find out what their policy is.

For additional bed bug tips, click here.

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Local News Bed Bugs, A Pesky Problem That Can Happen Anywhere You Live Tatianna Taylor 4 -

Not the Magna Mater They Had in Mind: Stephen King’s Graveyard Shift –

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on March 6th, 2020

Welcome back to the Lovecraft reread, in which two modern Mythos writers get girl cooties all over old Howards sandbox, from those who inspired him to those who were inspired in turn.

This week, were reading Stephen Kings Graveyard Shift, first published in the October 1970 issue of Cavalier. Spoilers ahead.

Hall could hear a stealthy rustling sound, a big sound. Something that perhaps no living man had ever seen.

Hall is a drifter. He left college at Berkeley three years ago and has since moved on his thumb across the country as a busboy, stevedore, short-order cook, taxi driver and dish-washer. Now he works the graveyard shift in a Maine fabric mill, operating a superannuated picker machine. The pays minimum wage, but thats fine. Hes got only himself to support, and his cigarette habit.

Two a.m. on a hot June Friday, Halls taking a smoke break and throwing empty soda cans at the rats who are his sole shift-mates. Theyre fat-bellied, vermin-ridden, nesting among the stacks of fiber bags and watching him with bright buckshot eyes. Sometimes when theyre lined up atop the bags, he thinks they look like a jury. The judge is night foreman Warwick, a sneaky sonofabitch who this Friday catches Hall smoking and pegging cans.

Well, whats Hall supposed to do when Wisconsky hasnt sent down any orders in 20 minutes? Good diversionary tactic, but before Warwick goes after Wisconsky, he asks if Hall wants to work over the holiday week, cleaning out the mill basement. Extra pay sounds good, even though Hall can picture what the basement must be like: dark, damp, ooze seeped in from the river, spiders, rats, maybe even bats. And Warwick in charge.

Warwick, who disparagingly calls Hall college boy every chance he gets. Hall has a sudden premonition of a strange thing coming between them. The idea pleases him.

In the basement, men work in teams of two, loading electric wagons with junk or blast-cleaning cleared areas with high-pressure water hoses. Halls stuck with perpetually complaining Wisconsky. Not that there isnt plenty to complain about: the clutter of broken furniture and rusting machinery, the stink of polluted river and half-clogged sewers, moss and fungiand the rats. Theyre even bigger than the ones upstairs, and theyre everywhere. Worse, theyve lost their fear of humans and will stand their ground and bite. Thousands of them, carrying who knows what diseases. As Wisconsky whines, This aint no work for a man.

A worker has his hand mauled by a cat-sized rat. Anothers bitten on the chest. Hall hoses to splinters a dense tangle of 19th-century office equipment, evicting a horde. Warwick keeps up his college-boy taunt and threatens increasingly reluctant workers. Back home, Hall wonders what makes him feel that he and Warwick are somehow tied together.

Fourth of July night, Hall notes the sudden absence of rats. A bat dive-bombs Wisconsky. Hall finds a wooden trapdoor. Warwick shrugs off the discovery of a subcellar, never mind that it must be where the rats are breeding.

Then Hall drops a carefully-prepared bomb. What with Warwick always reminding him hes a college boy, Halls been to the library to research town zoning ordinances. Theres a law about verminrats in particular. If a business lets an infestation slide, it can be closed down way longer than a holiday week. Enraged, Warwick tells Hall hes fired. Thats fine, Hallll just be off to report those rats to the town commissioner. Warwick looks ready to punch him. Instead, he rehires Hall to investigate the subcellar. Him and the horrified Wisconsky.

Fine, says Hall, as long as Warwick comes alonggotta have a management representative. Warwick accepts the implicit challenge. Workers wrench up the trapdoor. On its underside, along with black fungus and sightless beetles, is a now-broken lock. But it should be on top, right? And who could have locked it from below?

Hall, Warwick and Wisconsky descend sagging wooden stairs to the age-heaved stone floor of the subcellar. At first they find nothing but rotting boxes and barrels. One big box is labelled Elias Varney, 1841. The mill wasnt built until 1897, Warwick says. They reach a jut of concrete that marks the mill foundations, but the subcellar continues on. Warwick tries to retreat. Hall grabs Wisconskys hose and forces Warwick onward while Wisconsky escapes.

Sure enough, in the extended subcellar is an army of rats, some shin-high. They let the men pass, but fall in behind and start gnawing on the hose. Bats big as crows roost overhead. They pass a human skeleton green with mold. Hall pushes Warwick on, determined the foreman will break before he does.

They come on rats hideously mutated, three feet high, without rear legs, blind. The monsters advance eagerly. They have business with Warwick, Hall says, and with that Warwicks control slipshe screams as a rat runs over his foot. But Hall forces him to the summit of a small rise. From its crest Warwick sees something that panics him toward flight. Hall turns on the high-pressure hose, knocking the foreman into the gully beyond the rise. A huge, tenebrous squeaking harmonizes with Warwicks shrieks. Theres the snap of fractured bone.

Hall ascends the rise. Below, dwarfing Warwicks remains, is an eyeless, legless, pulsating gray rat, mewling hideously. Its the queen, the magna mater, whose progeny might someday develop wings.

Hall finally runs for it, but rats and bats swarm him, and his gnawed hose rapidly loses potency. As he falls, ears filled with the rats yammering, he begins to laugh, a high, screaming sound.

Above workers debate going after the missing Warwick and Hall. Lights are procured. A few rats, what the hell, says one man, and the search party starts down into the subcellar

Whats Cyclopean: This weeks Cyclopean Award goes to that huge, tenebrous squeaking, a concept as fascinating as it is challenging to imagine

The Degenerate Dutch: Graveyard Shift benefits from the narrator being a target of prejudice, as the foreman resents him for being a college boy. This doesnt entirely obfuscate the cardboard characterization of shorthanding Wisconsky as a fat Pole who whines and avoids work and not much elsethough he does also manage to avoid getting eatenbut it does at least give us a variation on the standard King POV.

Mythos Making: The rats are not in the walls.

Libronomicon: The library can tell us many things that our bosses dont want us to know.

Madness Takes Its Toll: Youre crazy, college boy. Isnt that right? Crazy as a loon.

Ruthannas Commentary

Smell is central to horror. Bad smells are visceral, repugnantthey cut through conscious reasoning to an instinctive retreat from wrongness. The closest most of us come to things man was not meant to know is that thing from the back of your fridge that you toss without thinking as soon as you catch a whiff of it. A house doesnt need to be haunted by a ghost if a rat (or mouse, orall powers forfenda skunk) dies in the walls. Forget colors, its smells that tell you that somethings incompatible with life as we know it. If a human smells like fish, or an apartment like bad beer and slime and rotting cat carcasses, a cosmically horrible encounter cant be far behind.

Fungus, we know from reports, is also bad. But fungus is ficklesometimes you take a hike in the woods and find mi-go, and sometimes you find morels. Even in a basement, someone might simply have let one of those nifty mushroom kits go for too long. I dont think thats whats happening here, though

So its easy to sympathize with the basement cleaning crew trying to clear the odiferous mess from a factory basement. Weve all dealt with the Cleaning Job That Never Ends, and with awful jobs, and with combinations thereof. In previous stories Ive been a tough sell on Kings resentful working class narratorsmostly they seem to resent people like me, but in this case theyve found a more rational target. Gates Falls has somehow managed to miss unionization, and here we see whymanagers take notethere are worse things than your shop getting unionized. To paraphrase Utah Philips, Dump the bosses off your backs and into a rat-infested hellhole is a message a lot of people can get behind.

Hall, a martyr to this not-particularly-traditional workers revolt, makes an interesting guide to the whole business. Why is a college boy drifting from job to job, sans family connections or career narrative or any interest in working during the day? At first I wondered if he might be a creature of the night himself, but it seems like something that would come up either during lunch or at the point when hes being attacked by giant mutant rats. Either that or hes the worlds least efficacious vampire. My best guess is that somewhere in a lab at Berkeley, he Saw Too Much and has been fleeing the memory ever since. Maybe his subtle premonition about the foreman is an aftereffect of one of the many bad-idea ESP studies that pepper Kings universe.

Or maybe hes been fleeing an ancestral curse? This is, in a delightfully sideways fashion, a Rats in the Walls riff. In which the rats are pointedly not in the walls, but there is an on-screen magna mater worthy of the name. Its all considerably subtler than the Lovecraft references in Crouch End, and works considerably better. Theres something going on with Hall, and some sort of relation to Elias Varney who got sacrificed to create mutant rats in 1841, now meeting his inevitable fate makes as much sense as any option.

Anyway, now is a good time to remember: There is power in a union, and one of those powers is avoiding the sort of bad management that causes legless rat protoshoggoths to infest your sub-basement. This concludes our public service announcement.

Annes Commentary

Like protagonist Hall, Stephen King worked a bunch of shit jobs before Carrie set him free to just write, thank you any gods there be. In his memoir On Writing, he vividly describes working for an industrial laundry. Much of what he handled were table linens from coastal Maine restaurants, well-perfumed with rotting lobster and clam remains and crawling with maggots. Worse were the hospital linens, which arrived in what they called plague bags. These also harbored maggots, feasting on blood instead of seafood.

He also fondly (?) recalls working at Worumbo Mills and Weaving in Lisbon Falls, Maine: a dingy fuckhole overhanging the polluted Androscoggin River like a workhouse in a Charles Dickens novel. He started out bagging loose fabric on the third floor, then graduated to the basement dyehouse. Somehow he avoided being sucked into the machinery or stitching [his] fingers together. Unlike Hall, he didnt get on the squad that cleaned out the mill over a Fourth of July week, but a guy who did claimed there were rats in the basement big as cats. Some big as dogs! A few years later, King turned the Worumbo rats into Graveyard Shift, and sold it to Cavalier magazine for $200, his biggest writing paycheck to that date.

So rats were looking out for King, much as he might loathe them. Furry, chisel-toothed little muses, we might say, as those laundry maggots were squirmy, squishy little inspirations. When life hands you vermin, make fiction, right? The literature of the repulsive, the primal-terrifying, to be specific. And King has always excelled at that, particularly as it imaginatively amplifies the travails of the working grunt.

I can sympathize with Wisconsky when he says the basement clean-out aint work for a man. In the technological and social context of Graveyard Shift, however, who else is going to do it? Capable robots dont exist. Women and children dont seem to work at the Gates Falls mill, not that history past (and present) sees them exempt from such labor. Somebodys got to scrub the nasty underbelly of the mill, and that somebodys not going to be its owners or bosses. Or college boys, either, not for long. The world of Graveyard Shift has a class/caste system less formally acknowledged than many but hardly less rigid. Wisconskys a biological male, but hes no man either by social rank or natural ability, mental hardihood or spiritual stature. So he makes a fine underbelly-scrubber.

Hall? Not so much. Hes something like a manphysically tough, intelligent, competent when he wants to be, bold. Too bad he may also be a sociopath. He self-identifies as a drifter, no remorse, no particular concern. Minimum wage is enough to keep a man without family or other personal ties. Why, were left to wonder, did he leave college? Why has he hopped from place to place, job to job? Could it be he always falls into conflict with a superior like Warwick, one whos actually inferior to Hall but who refuses to admit it? A bigger dog who must be broken, who must acknowledge Halls greater worth even if their relative positions dont change. A focus for Halls competitive animositythe one to whom hes somehow tied together.

And Warwick, in Halls mind, is also tied together with the rats, which are collectively another unworthy yet unyielding adversary. Or are the rats so unworthy? Does the true terror lie in how they keep turning up bigger, then mutated into creatures still more fearsome, culminating in the Magna Mater of the gully, omnipotent in Her fecundity and mutability?

Ia, Shub-Niggurath, She-Rat with Lots More Than a Thousand Young! Teeming and irrepressible Nature that underlies our strongholds, individual and corporate-industrial! The Conqueror Rodent-Worm!

The mysteries with which Hall taunts Warwick remain mysteries in the end. Whys that trapdoor locked on the underside? Who could have locked it, effectively locking themselves in, and for what purpose? Two clues await our investigators: The box labelled Elias Varney, 1841 and the human skeleton of similar vintage. Varney recalls James Malcolm Rymer and Thomas Peckett Prests Varney the Vampire, though that Varney was Sir Francis, not Elias. The box itself reminds me of the packing crate in which Kings Barlow (the Vampire) arrives in Salems Lot.

Far as Ive dug, King hasnt revealed Varneys significance. That leaves us happily free to spin our own backstories. Ill speculate Elias Varney locked himself into the subcellar to perform unspeakable experiments onrats, of course. Which subjects later dined on Varney, hence the skeleton. The 1841 could be Varney recording the date of his arrival subcellar, or it could be the date vital lab equipment or materia magica were delivered.

All Elias Varney, 1841 has to do for Kings story, though, is indicate how long, at minimum, the subcellar existed before the mill was built atop it.

King leaves us another plot bunny at the close of Graveyard Shift. What happens to the workers searching for Hall and Warwick? And what happens if no one relocks the trapdoor before the biggest and baddest rat-mutants escape their prison-nursery?

What larks weve had with our cuddly rodent friends and not-always-cuddly human fellows these last three weeks! Final score, my call?

Rattus victoriosus!

Next week, Wendy Nikels Leaves of Dust offers a different kind of clean-up problem. You can find it in Ashes and Entropy.

Ruthanna Emrysis the author of the Innsmouth Legacy series, includingWinter TideandDeep Roots. Her short story collection, Imperfect Commentaries, is now available from Lethe Press. You can find some of her fiction, neo-Lovecraftian and otherwise, on, most recently The Word of Flesh and Soul. Ruthanna is online onTwitterand Patreon, and offline in a mysterious manor house with her large, chaotic householdmostly mammalianoutside Washington DC.

Anne M. Pillsworths short storyThe Madonna of the Abattoir appears on Her young adult Mythos novel,Summoned, is available from Tor Teen along with sequelFathomless. She lives in Edgewood, a Victorian trolley car suburb of Providence, Rhode Island, uncomfortably near Joseph Curwens underground laboratory.

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Not the Magna Mater They Had in Mind: Stephen King's Graveyard Shift -

Mice and Rat Extermination | Angie’s List

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on March 4th, 2020

There are several indicators of mouse and rat infestation. The presence of rodent droppings, small, dark pellets, is one of the first things a homeowner will notice. The droppings will not usually be found in piles, but scattered along the trail as the rodent explores. A few prime places to look for rodent droppings include underneath sinks, around the perimeter of a room and in cabinets.

Mouse and rodent nests are also good indicators. These nests are made of finely shredded paper or other fibrous material and located in sheltered areas.

Of course, gnaw marks and holes, especially in cardboard containers, are another prime sign. Thats why it is a good idea to keep cereal, grains and other foods in plastic or metal containers. Rodents tend to cache their food supply, so look for small pockets of food in sheltered locations as well.

If rodents have invaded the home, it is vital to control and eliminate them. Trapping is still one of the best and safest means of rodent control. Trapping the invader does not require the use of dangerous chemicals and pesticide agents; therefore, it is safer to do around small children and pets. Furthermore, trapping will allow for easy disposal of the rodent (whether dead or alive), thereby eliminating the odors that occur from dead animals in walls or other inaccessible areas when poisons are used.

Using the proper number of traps and placing them correctly is important for this method to be effective. Snap traps should be placed along walls and under or inside cabinets to capitalize on the rodents runway. They usually scurry along the edges of walls, stairs and other corners, so placing the trap with the trigger closest to the wall is most effective.

If you'd rather not kill the mouse, there are various live traps available in which the animal is lured by bait into a cage or box through a one-way door, trapping it inside. If you release it outside, be sure to do so a considerable distance from your house or anyone else's. Otherwise, it's likely to come back. Sticky paper traps, similar to flypaper, trap the rodent as it walks across its surface. These are generally used when the mouse is to be killed, but it's also possible to release them by applying cooking oil to the glue.

Of course, poisons can also be used; however, extreme care must be used when handling poisons and steps must be taken to ensure the safety of children and pets. Many poisons can only be handled by licensed exterminators because of their danger.

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Mice and Rat Extermination | Angie's List

Global Agricultural Pest Control Market 2020 | Increasing Demand, Technology Development, New Innovations, Future Projections and Forecast 2025 – News…

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on March 4th, 2020

Latest Trending report with Business Opportunities and Market Implementation offered by Orbis Research is an informative study covering the market with detailed analysis.Access the PDF sample of the report @

Pests are more than just an inconvenience for the agriculture industries they pose devastating risks to farmers. Agricultural pest control is vital to dealing with infestations that you may encounter.

According to this study, over the next five years the Agricultural Pest Control market will register a xx% CAGR in terms of revenue, the global market size will reach US$ xx million by 2024, from US$ xx million in 2019. In particular, this report presents the global revenue market share of key companies in Agricultural Pest Control business, shared in Chapter 3.

This report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares and growth opportunities of Agricultural Pest Control market by product type, application, key companies and key regions.

This study considers the Agricultural Pest Control value generated from the sales of the following segments:

Segmentation by product type: breakdown data from 2014 to 2019 in Section 2.3; and forecast to 2024 in section 10.7.

Rats Control

Mice Control

Birds Control

Slugs Control

Snails Control

Ants Control

Cockroaches Control


Segmentation by application: breakdown data from 2014 to 2019, in Section 2.4; and forecast to 2024 in section 10.8.






This report also splits the market by region: Breakdown data in Chapter 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.


United States








Southeast Asia










Middle East & Africa


South Africa



GCC Countries

The report also presents the market competition landscape and a corresponding detailed analysis of the major vendor/manufacturers in the market. The key manufacturers covered in this report: Breakdown data in in Chapter 3.



Western Exterminator Company


Critter Busters Inc

Swift Pest Control LTD

Twilight Pest Control

Heath Pest Control

Al Naboodah Group Enterprises LLC

Nightshift Pest Control

Dealey Pest Control

Steffel Pest Control Inc

McLaughlin Gormley King Company



National Cleaning Company


In addition, this report discusses the key drivers influencing market growth, opportunities, the challenges and the risks faced by key players and the market as a whole. It also analyzes key emerging trends and their impact on present and future development.

Research objectives

To study and analyze the global Agricultural Pest Control market size by key regions/countries, product type and application, history data from 2014 to 2018, and forecast to 2024.

To understand the structure of Agricultural Pest Control market by identifying its various subsegments.

Focuses on the key global Agricultural Pest Control players, to define, describe and analyze the value, market share, market competition landscape, SWOT analysis and development plans in next few years.

To analyze the Agricultural Pest Control with respect to individual growth trends, future prospects, and their contribution to the total market.

To share detailed information about the key factors influencing the growth of the market (growth potential, opportunities, drivers, industry-specific challenges and risks).

To project the size of Agricultural Pest Control submarkets, with respect to key regions (along with their respective key countries).

To analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches and acquisitions in the market.

To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies.

Table of Contents

2019-2024 Global Agricultural Pest Control Market Report (Status and Outlook)

1 Scope of the Report

1.1 Market Introduction

1.2 Research Objectives

1.3 Years Considered

1.4 Market Research Methodology

1.5 Economic Indicators

1.6 Currency Considered

2 Executive Summary

2.1 World Market Overview

2.1.1 Global Agricultural Pest Control Market Size 2014-2024

2.1.2 Agricultural Pest Control Market Size CAGR by Region

2.2 Agricultural Pest Control Segment by Type

2.2.1 Rats Control

2.2.2 Rats Control

2.2.3 Birds Control

2.2.4 Slugs Control

2.2.5 Snails Control

2.2.6 Ants Control

2.2.7 Cockroaches Control

2.2.8 Others

2.3 Agricultural Pest Control Market Size by Type

2.3.1 Global Agricultural Pest Control Market Size Market Share by Type (2014-2019)

2.3.2 Global Agricultural Pest Control Market Size Growth Rate by Type (2014-2019)

2.4 Agricultural Pest Control Segment by Application

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Global Agricultural Pest Control Market 2020 | Increasing Demand, Technology Development, New Innovations, Future Projections and Forecast 2025 - News...

Rats are New Yorkers just like humans in the city; have genetically adapted to life in the Big Apple – International Business Times, Singapore Edition

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on March 1st, 2020

Ever wondered why a rat from New York relishes a slice as much as a human from the city? Or how it manages to keep up with the city's fast-paced lifestyle? Or how it manages to thrive in every inhabitable inch across the five boroughs? A new study tries to answer the question. They may have simply genetically evolved to adapt to life in New York!

In the study, the geneticists claim that they have discovered dozens of genes associated with mobility, behaviour and diet, that may have enabled rats to flourish in New York. "As both an evolutionary biologist and a New Yorker, I can't help but be amazed by the ways that rats have adapted to urban environments," said Arbel Harpak, a population geneticist at Columbia University and co-author of the study, in a statement.

In order to study their evolutionary traits, the nippy rodents had to be caught first. Using a mixture of treats such as peanut butter, beacon and oats to tickle their senses and lure them, nearly 400 brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) from across the city were trapped by a team led by co-author Jason Munshi-South's team, who specialises in urban evolution and ecology.

Next, the full genomes of 29 ratsall from Manhattanwere sequenced. Interestingly, while brown rats are also commonly called Norway rats, rural northeast China is considered to be their native land. Therefore, the researchers compared the genomic sequences of rats from the region with the newly sequenced genomes of brown rats from New York.

An evolutionary process known as a selective sweepwhere beneficial mutations increase in frequency and become common among populations of an organismenables favourable adaptations. For example, the ability of some human beings to digest milk in adulthood or breathing in higher altitudes can be attributed to the process. Hence, the researchers scanned for regions in the sequenced rat genomes containing variations that may have aided in advantageous adaptations.

At the end of the scan, the researchers found dozens of genes that bore trademarks of a selective sweep in New York rats. Some of these genes were linked to mobility, behaviour, and most importantly dietall of which are potentially typical of life and challenges faced in the Empire City.

Harpak said that by analysing the DNA of New York rats from the nineteenth century, his team aims to ascertain the exact period during which the selective sweep took place. They also wish to catch rats from other cities to explore another interesting questionHave the genomes of rats from other cities evolved in the same manner as the ones in New York?

Yes, there might be some differences in the genetic adaptions of rats from other cities, suggests an experience narrated by Hopi Hoekstra, an evolutionary biologist at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Nearly a month ago, the biologist attempted to trap a rat in her basement. She was confident about grabbing the small mammal. She said, "I've been trapping rats for 25 years."

Converse to her expectations, she failed to catch the rodent. Upon the arrival an exterminator, she was surprised to learn that Cambridge rats favoured food such as Slim Jims and Dunkin' Donuts pastries over the peanut butter she used to set traps. Now, she is collecting Cambridge rats to analyse their DNA. Adding weight to the findings of the current study, Hoekstra said, "When the paper came out, it just clicked. Of course, there were differences. The local exterminators know they are different."

This paper could serve as the launchpad for future studies, the researchers believe. For example, studies in transgenic lab rats may help understand whether alteration to genes associated with developing new neurons led to changes in their behaviour. Whether or not discovered genes connected to metabolism of sugar and carbohydrate may have affected their diets, is another area that can be looked into.

Andrs Bendesky, an evolutionary geneticist and neuroscientist at Columbia commented that connection of some of the discovered genes to the neural makeup was intriguing. A prevalent hypothesis is that by changing their neural wiring, animals may adapt to new environments. However, it has not been proven yet, says Bendesky.

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Rats are New Yorkers just like humans in the city; have genetically adapted to life in the Big Apple - International Business Times, Singapore Edition

Colorado Couple Remove More Than 150 Snakes From Their Home – Newsweek

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on March 1st, 2020

More than 150 snakes have been removed from a den under a couple's home in Colorado in the past year.

Shaynon McFadden and Royce Robbins bought their home on Rushmore Street in Elizabeth, Colorado in November 2018, KUSA reported.

At first, they had no issues with snakesbut the following spring, they said a number of them started coming up out of the slats of the back deck of their home.

"We started seeing garter snakes heads popping up in between the wood slats on the ground level patio," McFadden told the station.

Even more started appearing as the summer months arrived and the couple said they discovered snakes in their yard, under their deck, around the house's foundation and even inside their bathroom.

"My cats had it cornered in the bathroom," McFadden said. "We're not sure how it got in, but we got rid of that one right away."

The couple hired an exterminator, who found there was a large snake den underneath the home's back deck. They added that more than 150 snakes were removed and relocated before the start of winter last year.

McFadden said she and her husband have had to spend around $8,000 because of iton a new deck, shed and pest control.

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McFadden told KUSA that she and her husband had no idea about the infestation when they moved in and it was not disclosed when they bought the home.

Property sellers and realtors are required to disclose any material facts about a property to potential buyers under Colorado law.

A spokesperson for the Colorado Association of Realtors told KUSA that arguments about not disclosing pertinent information are among the most common disputes following a property sale.

The spokesperson added that a snake infestation qualified as a material factand should be disclosed even if the owners made efforts to resolve the issue. The association has been contacted for additional comment.

It comes after a man in Kansas found a boa constrictor in his couch while he was looking for his keys. Butler County Deputy Fire Chief Melvin Linot said the unidentified homeowner in Rose Hill called the police as soon as he saw the snake last month.

Linot removed the snake and said it was "very gentle, very docile." He added: "I messed with him a little bit, and I took my gloves off. You could handle him real easy."

Colorado Couple Remove More Than 150 Snakes From Their Home - Newsweek

Local exterminator says bed bugs can end up in vehicles –

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on February 29th, 2020

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. Last week, a Texas, exterminator told a local news station he treats up to 10 rideshare vehicles a week for bed bugs.

But here in Grand Rapids, John Koval, the owner of Smitter Pest Control Management, says he hasn't seen bed bugs in rideshare vehicles yet.

RELATED: Dallas bed bugs expert says he treats 5 to 10 rideshare vehicles per week

"Actually, I take Uber all the time," said Koval, "and I havent had an issue."

Even though he hasn't seen it, he said that doesn't mean it's not happening. Koval actually gets many calls for vehicles with bed bugs. Those are typically semi trucks and medical transportation vans.

"Yeah, caregivers that pick up patients, things like that," said Koval, "that have had bed bugs at their house. We've gotten some things from caregivers. So, we try to educate them, put a sheet over their seats."

As for the semi trucks, he said the bed bugs most likely reside in mattresses or other bedding the drivers bring along to sleep during long trips.

RELATED: Grand Rapids ranks among top 20 cities for bed bugs

In his car inspections, he first checks the backseat. Especially in the case of rideshare vehicles or cabs, this is where the bed bugs might be. That's because they usually come attached to a passenger.

"Head rests, you can find them there," said Koval, "When you're sitting there, someone could have them on their collar when they're sitting in your vehicle."

Also check the cracks of seats, and peel back the plastic surrounding the seat. The bed bugs can lodge themselves in there.

If you find bed bugs in your vehicle, call a professional to chemically treat the car.

Koval said it's still more common to get bed bugs in your home or in a hotel. He receives five or six calls a week to exterminate bed bugs in Grand Rapids.

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Local exterminator says bed bugs can end up in vehicles -

Exterminator Says He Regularly Treats Rideshare Vehicles For Bed Bugs – GM Authority

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on February 29th, 2020

An exterminator in the Dallas area says he regularly treats rideshare vehicles for bed bugs and is getting more and more business due to the growing gig economy.

Don Brooks is the owner of Doffdon Pest Control, an extermination company that specializes in getting rid of bed bugs. He told Dallas ABC affiliate WFAA that hes been seeing more and more rideshare drivers come to him to rid their vehicles of bed begs and currently treats up to ten rideshare vehicles per week.

Drivers either see bed bugs, someone complained, or they were suspicious of a customer and just want to make sure, Brooks told WFAA. Its highly likely they can crawl off of someone.

The increasing amount of rideshare drivers turning to Brooks for help should serve as a warning to companies like Waymo and General Motors Cruise subsidiary. Both companies want to launch fully autonomous ridesharing services in the future, but they will have to ensure its shared AVs remain sanitary between rides, which may be more difficult when there is no driver on board. GMs Cruise Origin autonomous shuttle, which it unveiled earlier this year, has two fabric bench seats for passengers and can seat a total of six people.

Dirty shuttles could leave companies like Waymo and Cruise with a lot more to worry about than a bad Google Play or App Store rating. WFAA identified an LA law firm that represents people who have been bitten by bed bugs while traveling in rideshare vehicles and shuttles. The firm says plaintiffs can earn a settlement from Uber or Lyft if they have sustained injuries from bed bugs or other pests while using their services, suing for medical expenses, property damage, lost wages and pain and suffering.

The WFAA report also referenced a study conducted by insurance company Netquote that found rideshare vehicles were, on average, 35 times dirtier than a toilet seat and also far dirtier than a rental car or a taxi. The dirtiest places for passengers in a rideshare vehicle were the window switches, seatbelt buckles and door handles.

Purpose-built rideshare vehicles may be able to prevent the spread of bedbugs by switching out fabrics for plastic. Antimicrobial materials could also be used in their interior to help mitigate the spread of germs for passengers.

GM has not said when it plans to launch Cruise Origin as a driverless ridesharing vehicle. We do know it will be built at the automakers Detroit-Hamtramck production facility in Michigan, though, and will tap the automakers new BEV3 electric platform.

Subscribe to GM Authority for around-the-clock GM news coverage.

Source: WFAA

Sam McEachern

Sam loves to write and has a passion for auto racing, karting and performance driving of all types.

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Exterminator Says He Regularly Treats Rideshare Vehicles For Bed Bugs - GM Authority

Uber, Lyft drivers in Dallas having cars treated for bedbugs – Yahoo News

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on February 29th, 2020

If you partake in ridesharing programs like Uber and Lyft, you may run the risk of entering a vehicle that has carried a passenger with a bedbug problem, according to one Dallas-based exterminator.


"I probably do five to 10 rideshare cars per week," Don Brooks, owner of Doffdon Pest Control, told Dallas news stationWFAA. "Drivers either see bedbugs, someone complained,or they were suspicious of a customer and just want to make sure."

A bedbug infestation doesnt always mean a lack of hygiene either. The bugs can easily crawl from one unsuspecting passenger to another without the owner of the vehicle even noticing, Brooks said. He also noted that bedbugs can live over a year without feeding on blood, so an untreated situation can quicklybecome disastrous for companies that provide millions of rides per day.

One method Brooks uses involves heating a tent to nearly 150 degrees. Drivers usually leave their cars in the tent for a few hours at a cost of $250, he said, though, he also offers a cheaper solution with liquid pesticides.


On a national level, the average cost estimate for bedbug extermination ranges between $320 and $400, according to a recent report from Thumbtack,an online local marketplace for professional services.

"If you feel suspicious, just throw your clothes in the dryer for 50 minutes on high heat. Then it's best to hop in the shower," Brooks said.


Dallas-Forth Worth is one of the mostbedbug-infested citiesin the nation, according to Terminex. Only New York City and Philadelphia have topped the Texas citys high numbers.

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Uber, Lyft drivers in Dallas having cars treated for bedbugs - Yahoo News

7 surprise costs of owning a home that made me glad I’d been saving money – Business Insider

Recommended by Dikshit Aryal, Published on February 29th, 2020

Owning a home is a great experience for many people, myself included, but homes almost always come with expensive surprises over time. Trust me: I've owned three homes so far.

Today, we take a look back at seven times I had to pay for emergency home services, or at least float the cost temporarily before getting reimbursed.

As a homeowner, I have both a sizeable emergency fund and a plan to cover some home costs in my monthly budget. With my emergency fund in a high-yield savings account at a favorite bank, I'm earning top interest rates while hoping I never need to tap into those funds in the future. But a few times, I have needed to pay for a big emergency right away. And thank goodness I had my savings ready when I did.

People tell you about your mortgage and insurance costs. They might mention landscaping and garbage-pickup costs. But how about last-minute wax ring replacement and servicing your hard water softener? Here are seven times repair and maintenance costs completely took me by surprise.

When you own a condo, you are typically responsible for repairs related specifically to your unit while the building's homeowner's association pays for shared costs. A problem with your toilet generally falls squarely into the "your problem" category.

I had old, low-quality toilets in both bathrooms when I moved into my condo. When one of them started leaking on the floor out of the base, I figured it was as good of a time as any to upgrade. I took advantage of a program from Denver Water to buy two new low-flow toilets at a discounted rate. My overall outlay for the project was $418 for two toilets, two wax rings, and other supplies.

While replacing the toilets, I found the root of the problem was a bad wax ring, a part that costs less than $10 at the local hardware store. I did the work myself, so I only had to pay for parts. However, according to Angie's List, a plumber usually charges around $125 to $260 per toilet for this kind of job.

That condo was a great place to live, but it sure had its share of plumbing problems. One day that same toilet started to gurgle when the other was flushed. I quickly realized there was some kind of block in the drain for my unit, as water that went in one drain came out another.

I called up an emergency plumber who charged $100 to show up and diagnose the problem. Ultimately, it was determined to be a building issue and not a repair I had to pay out of pocket. However, I had to float the cost of the diagnosis until the HOA reimbursed me the following month.

My house in California is far from brand new, and its age shows itself from time to time. One place that had been neglected for a while when we moved in was the water softener. After figuring out that it was hardly working at all, we had to hire a company to come out and service the unit.

It cost about $150 to have the water softener fixed. From then on, we also saw our cost of adding the specialized salt to the unit increase, as it wasn't really working before. If you've ever lived with hard water, you know just how important a working water softener is for your shower, dishwasher, and laundry to all work as expected.

In the peak of summer last year, our air conditioner started to run all day without making the house cooler. It only took a couple of days for us to make a call to a local HVAC repair company for a diagnosis.

Including parts, the worn part cost about $400 to replace. That's my biggest surprise home expense ever. Thankfully, the repair worker said the rest of our A/C is in good shape and shouldn't need work for years to come. I hope he's right!

The inspection report when we bought this home noted a few issues with the chimney. It turns out, however, that the issues he found were not the whole story. To ensure birds and raccoons didn't make their way down our chimney and into the house, we needed to make a few upgrades.

The all-in cost was around $200 for a new chimney crown and resealing the concrete block at the top of the chimney. After a brief scare about having to completely replace that concrete block, we were happy to hear they were able to keep what was there. The cost could have easily been quite a bit higher.

It wasn't long after moving into our house that the hose in the front yard started running. We hoped that the repair would be covered by our homeowner warranty we picked up when buying the house, but apparently our policy, like many, didn't cover many common situations including a leaking hose spigot attached to the house.

We ended up paying about $100 for the repair, which took the plumber less than 10 minutes. The exact same thing happened on the same spigot about a year later. That time, I watched the plumber make the repair so I would know how to do it myself in the future.

I'm very glad I did, as it only cost me about $9 for a replacement part when it broke for the third time instead of another $100 plumber bill.

Another issue that reared its ugly head shortly after moving into our current home was not so pleasant to deal with. We had rats in the attic and I happily paid an exterminator to get rid of those pests so I didn't have to.

The exterminator trapped and removed the rats, sealed up holes so they couldn't get in again, and suggested some landscaping changes to avoid future problems. We paid bills for both pest control and tree trimming that totaled a few hundred dollars. The house has been rat-free ever since.

If you rent your home, your landlord should cover regular maintenance and repairs. In fact, every single item on this list should be covered by a landlord, not you, when you rent. Homeowners, on the other hand, have to pay their own way when it comes to maintenance and repairs.

Homes are expensive. Home maintenance and repairs are expensive. That's why it's a good idea for homeowners to keep an emergency fund ready and budget for home repairs. I was able to pay for most of these expenses without touching the emergency fund, but more than once I was glad to have savings on standby.

If you own a home, always be ready for unexpected repairs. From your furnace to your dishwasher to your plumbing, things inevitably go wrong on occasion. While rats and repairs are always a hassle, with savings and a home maintenance budget on standby, you can get through those repairs without the financial stress of figuring out how to pay.

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7 surprise costs of owning a home that made me glad I'd been saving money - Business Insider

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