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Termite Control – The Home Depot

How to Identify Termites

Termites and flying ants possess a very similar appearance, enough so that, without closer inspection, you may mistake one for the other. In order to effectively treat your pests, you must properly identify which insect is responsible for your infestation.

Ants

Thorax and constricted abdomen are clearly defined

Front pair of wings is larger than rear pair and only a little larger than the body

Distinct elbow-shaped antennae feature an elongated first segment

Termites

Ribbed abdomen is one continuous, thick piece with no visible waist

Two pairs of vein-filled wings are equal in length and twice the length of the body

Antennae are straight and somewhat short, and they have no eyes

In addition to identifying termites by sight, there are a number of signs that indicate their presence. Termites often build mud tubes, which are thin mud structures as small as -inch diameter that connect the ground to your house, garage or other wooden structure.

Inspect wood structures closely for signs of decay by gently tapping on them. If a solid beam sounds hollow, chances are you have termite trouble. Discarded wings are a physical sign that termites may be in the house, as reproductive termites shed their wings once they find a new place to set up a colony.

While you should leave termite removal to the professionals, knowing the methods they will use can help you in understanding the best ways to treat the problem and help prevent it from recurring.

One popular termite-removal method involves treating the soil around your house with an insecticide, such as imidacloprid or fipronil. Wood can also be treated directly if termites are inside.

Termite baits are strategically placed around your yard to lure termites in. Once there, the termites are covered with a slow-acting insecticide or insect growth regulator. They then return to the colony and poison the other termites.

Taking steps to prevent termites can save you a great deal of money. Moisture is an absolute necessity for termite colonies to survive and thrive, so eliminating damp areas around your house is essential to preventing termites.

For resources on DIY pest control, visit our other insect elimination guides: How to Get Rid of Ants, How to Get Rid of Fleas and How to Get Rid of Gnats.

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Termite Control – The Home Depot

Bed Bugs Toronto – Pestend Affordable Pest Exterminator

What Are Bed Bugs & What Makes Them Unique

Bed bugs are tiny and oval shaped and they are generally flat. They are insects that suck blood and infest areas where humans and other animals sleep. Bed bug infestations are not always the result of having a dirty home because bed bugs can find their way into your home even if all the necessary precautions have been taken. Once they do get in, they can multiply quickly and become a problem to the lives and welfare of everyone inside the residence or workplace. Although Canada generally only has an issue with one species of bed bugs, they like to live in a variety of places like houses, condos, apartments, motels and hotels as well as barns and in a variety of other buildings where warm-blooded animals live.

Although bed bugs are rare in Ontario, there have been cases where bedbugs associated with bats and swallows have been discovered. These insects are nocturnal feeders that suck on blood when the victim is tight asleep. In dim lighting conditions, they will feed during the day only if they are extremely hungry, which is very unlikely since they get enough blood while humans sleep. An anticoagulant is injected by these pests to prevent clotting. This makes the skin inflamed with welts developing and itching as a result. These insects molt at various stages in their lives. The discarded exoskeletons are clear. Bedbugs molt five times before reaching adulthood.

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Bed Bugs Toronto – Pestend Affordable Pest Exterminator

Pest Control Sacramento | Top Exterminators | Golden Hills …

Exterminators With 30 years of Experience

Golden Hills Pest Control is your local exterminator in Sacramento and expert for extermination services including ant control, rodent control, flea control, bee removal, rat control and more. With over 30 years of servicing the Sacramento area we understand how to treat local pests and rodents. Common pests in the Sacramento area and across California include: spiders, beetles, ants, cockroaches, bed bugs, fleas, wasps, boxelder beetles, earwigs, silverfish, and rats.

As a sacramento pest control company, provides green pest control services, which includes crawl-space restoration to the entire Sacramento area. Our highly trained pest control specialists are local and know what pests might be in your home or on your property and where they are likely hiding. Our licensed exterminators make sure they don’t spray too many chemicals and strive to be green and earth-friendly.

Our extermination services a number of areas in and around the Sacramento area. If you live in the following areas: Antelope, Arden, Carmichael, Citrus Heights, Elverta, Elk Grove, Fair Oaks, Natomas, North Highlands, Rio Linda, Roseville, Rocklin and Sacramento then we can service you! Our Golden Hills Pest Control Exterminators are local pest control specialists and will provide you with a green approach to controlling those harmful insects that will provide you with peace of mind about the treatment and about the pests around your home. Contact us by calling our local office or using our online form.

The cost of pest control varies from from task to task. A lot depends on the nature of the pest and whether or not the pest infestation is at a home or a business. Some pests take a lot more to get rid of and takes subsequent follow-ups and additional treatments to ensure the pests are completely gone. Your best bet is to contact the Sacramento office and discuss your pest control needs with our friendly staff.

Along with providing service to residential properties, our team in Sacramento, CA is very experienced in partnering with businesses in offering commercial pest control solutions. Whether you work in a highly regulated industry or not, Golden Hills Pest Control experts have the tools, solutions, and training to protect your properties from pests and rodents.

We take an integrated pest management approach to pest control. We inspect the entire property to find the pests, the source of the infestation, and the ways pests are accessing your property. Our California-licensed professionals will not only stop the current infestation, but also help you to prevent further problems. Sacramento’s climate means we get a wide range of pests for our commercial clients. Some of them include rats and mice, flies and occasional invaders such as earwigs, silverfish, centipedes and crickets.

Our pest control specialists in Sacramento, CA live and work in the areas they serve. As such, we make every effort to respond as quickly as we can. That being said, it is impossible to set a standard on this as it depends on schedules and other factors. Your best bet is to contact the local Sacramento office and discuss your needs and set up a time with one of our specialists that way.

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Bed Bugs Treatment

Bed bug control or treatment can be confusing to say the least. From billboard ads to media stories, types of treatments are discussed and it seems that everyone has their favorite method of treatment.

Today, professional pest management embraces the concept of Integrated Pest Management or IPM. IPM is a process where there are several steps. First, a thorough inspection is conducted to determine level of infestation or potential for infestation. Second, prevention or control measures are implemented. Finally, the effectiveness of the control measures is evaluated. Thus, an IPM program is a holistic approach to pest management.

Currently bed bug treatment is challenging at best for the homeowner and is not really practical. Specialized training and equipment are required.

There is a wide range of treatment strategies for control of bed bugs. These include heat treatment, freezing or cold treatment, low moisture steam, use of products specifically designed to control bed bugs, such as alcohol based sanitizers, fumigation using a gas to permeate all areas where bed bugs hide, and others. All methods have advantages and disadvantages depending on the level of infestation, the type of structure, and occupant needs. New technologies are developed frequently as bed bug infestations are a serious and growing concern.

There are several types of bed bug detection units currently available as well. These range in size from about the size of a brief case to the size of a small laptop computer. The objective of these units is to determine if bed bugs are present in a room. There are also sticky traps to monitor as well as cups with oil or talc which are placed under bed legs which trap bed bugs to prevent and monitor.

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Bed Bugs Treatment

How To Get Rid Of Snakes | Pest Control, Snake Removal …

Every homeowner could benefit from knowing how to get rid of snakes. At Priority Pest Services, one of the most common problems we see with snakes is that they like to go under our homes and seek shelter under porches, into our basements and crawlspaces and even into our homes! The most common place we find snakes in the house is in the crawlspace but we have found them in a variety of places.

Snakes are reptiles and this means they cannot internally regulate their body temperature. As they move from place to place, they tend to frequent areas that will help them maintain optimum body temperature. The protected space under the floor of the house can be quite comfortable for a snake whether it be for shelter from inclement weather, or because those warm heating pipes in the wall feels so good if you wrap your snake body around them a few times as you settle in for a reptilian nap.

If you have even known someone with a snake as a pet, they will vouch that snakes are escape artists. On that same note, snakes are also experts at finding their way in, too. At Priority Pest Services, we have gotten calls for snake removal services and have dispatched and found them in a variety of places, in toilets, lying in various places on the floor or just hanging out in the garage. Regardless of where you find a snake in the house, beware. Snakes can be dangerous even if they are not poisonous.

Want to get rid of snakes the right way and deter them from returning? The best solution is to figure out how and where the snake got in and make sure that area is secured. Sometimes how the snake got in is obvious like an unsecured crawlspace door or vent. Other times, it is not apparent how the snake got in and that is where Priority Pest can help. We are experts at pest control and exterminator, so we know how to get rid of snakes.

We offer free home inspections to help you determine what areas of your home need attention and we are also licensed Class A Contractors who can take care of any pest, or related structural damage uncovered during your inspection. Contact us today to schedule your free home inspection!

A snake in the house can be scary and dangerous, especially if there are children or pets in the family. Our professional, trained snake removal experts at Priority Pest Services are standing by, ready to dispatch to your home to remove the pest and secure your home from future infestation.

During the colder months and in the extreme of summer, we tend to get an increase in calls about snakes inside the home. During these seasonal changes, it is crucial to maintain a consistent barrier of protection against snakes and other pests. For a quality, complimentary home inspection and expert snake removal services, call Priority Pest Services at(757) 204-4523!

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How To Get Rid Of Snakes | Pest Control, Snake Removal …

Cockroach Pest Control & Extermination: Arrow Exterminators

Cockroach Infestations

There is nothing worse than turning on the lights and seeing a cockroach scurry across the room, back into its hiding place between your walls. Nobody wants these resilient pests sneaking around their house if someone sees a roach in their bedroom, dont be surprised if they decide to sleep on the couch later that night.

Roaches can survive on whatever food source is nearby, including hair, sewage or sweets and have been known to carry diseases such as Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and Escherichia coli.

Cockroaches have been on our planet for over 300 million years (no wonder they are so adaptive). Although there are over 4,500 species of cockroaches around the world 55 of which are found in the United States you only have to worry about four species that like to move in: German, brown-banded, oriental and American cockroaches.

These vile pests love to hang around your home, so if you see them crawling around, the professionals at Arrow are here to help with cockroach extermination that will evict these unwelcome guests for good.

Types & Prevention Tips

American Cockroaches

These native pests love to inhabit sewers and basements in warm climates and typically feed off sewage and decaying snacks. They are a postal service for disease, spreading 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and numerous other contagious human pathogens. The germs they carry in their body can remain infective for weeks, and recent studies have shown that cockroaches also carry allergens that may cause asthma in young children. These allergens stick around from cockroach droppings, cast skins and carcasses.

Good sanitation and sealing cracks in the walls can help reduce cockroach populations, but a lot of the time, its not that simple. Arrow Exterminators focuses on total cockroach control to make sure they stay out for good.

Oriental Cockroaches

These bugs love to crawl around in filthy spots like sewer pipes and thrive in warm temperatures from 68 to 84 degrees. They tend to find a way into homes through crawl spaces and basements. Oriental cockroaches are extremely resilient and can survive for weeks without water and up to a month without food.

They have a shorter lifespan than American cockroaches (only around 110 to 160 days), but they reproduce in large numbers. The females can have over eight egg cases with 16 eggs per case in a lifetime. Professional roach control is a necessity if you spot one of these in or around your home, because they quickly multiply.

These sneaky pests carry food-borne pathogens and other diseases on their legs and bodies that they pick up while chowing down on decaying foods. These blackish-brown roaches leave noticeable droppings and an unpleasant odor, which they secrete to communicate with other roaches. If you spot one of these dark, stinky bugs, contact us for quick cockroach extermination.

German Cockroaches

If you have a roach problem in your home, the German species is probably the culprit, as theyre the most common species in the United States. They like to hide in dark corners during the day and scurry around at night for rotting foods and beverage residues.

If you spot one during the day, there is a good chance the population is much larger than you think. One of their favorite places to inhabit is dresser drawers, and if you see a group scatter in non-food areas, you probably have an infestation on your hands.

Cleaning up your home is the first step to avoiding these pests, but we recommend professional roach control from an Arrow Professional. Stay one step ahead of these elusive pests with monthly cockroach pest control.

Brown-Banded Cockroaches

Brown-banded cockroaches are a smaller species that love to inhabit warm environments, typically above 80 degrees Fahrenheit. These insects love to camp out in storage attics and other ceiling foundations.

Like most cockroach species, they like to search for food at night but may hunt during the day for a snack. These cockroaches eat just about anything, and some of their unusual favorites are wallpaper glue and book bindings.

The Arrow Solution

If you spot droppings or egg cases, contact Arrow Exterminators for help. We will take care of your problem with professional cockroach extermination. Well help eliminate any infestation and prevent any future issues. Get in touch with us today and let us kick these pests out of your home.

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Cockroach Pest Control & Extermination: Arrow Exterminators

Bed bug – Wikipedia

Parasitic insects and there health effects

Bed bugs are a type of insect that feed on human blood, usually at night.[7] Their bites can result in a number of health effects including skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms.[5] Bed bug bites may lead to skin changes ranging from invisible to prominent blisters.[1] Symptoms may take between minutes to days to appear.[2] Itchiness is common, while some may feel tired or have a fever.[2] Typically, uncovered areas of the body are affected and three bites occur in a row.[2] Bed bugs bites are not known to transmit any infectious disease.[5][7]

Bed bug bites are caused primarily by two species of the insect Cimex: Cimex lectularius (the common bed bug) and Cimex hemipterus.[3] Their size ranges between 1 and 7mm.[7] They spread by crawling between nearby locations or by being carried within personal items.[2] Infestation is rarely due to a lack of hygiene but is more common in high-density areas.[8][2] Diagnosis involves both finding the bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms.[5] Bed bugs spend much of their time in dark, hidden locations like mattress seams or cracks in the wall.[2]

Treatment is symptomatic.[2] Eliminating bed bugs from the home is often difficult, partly because bed bugs can survive up to a year without feeding.[2] Repeated treatments of a home may be required.[2] These treatments may include heating the room to 50C (122F) for more than 90 minutes, frequent vacuuming, washing clothing at high temperatures, and the use of various pesticides.[2]

Bed bugs occur in all regions of the globe.[7] Rates of infestations are relatively common, following an increase since the 1990s.[3][4][6] The exact causes of this increase is unclear; with proposals including greater travel, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings, a greater focus on control of other pests, and increasing resistance to pesticides.[4] Bed bugs have been known human parasites for thousands of years.[2]

Individual responses to bites vary, ranging from no visible effect (in about 2070%),[5][3] to small macular spots, to prominent wheals and bullae formations along with intense itching that may last several days.[5] The bites often occur in a line. A central spot of bleeding may also occur due to the release of anticoagulants in the bug’s saliva.[4]

Symptoms may not appear until some days after the bites have occurred.[5] Reactions often become more brisk after multiple bites due to possible sensitization to the salivary proteins of the bed bug.[3] The skin reaction usually occurs in the area of the bite which is most commonly the arms, shoulders and legs as they are more frequently exposed at night.[5] Numerous bites may lead to an erythematous rash or urticaria.[5]

Serious infestations and chronic attacks can cause anxiety, stress, and insomnia.[5] Development of refractory delusional parasitosis is possible, as a person develops an overwhelming obsession with bed bugs.[9]

A number of other symptoms may occur from either the bite of the bed bugs or from their exposure. Anaphylaxis from the injection of serum and other nonspecific proteins has been rarely documented.[5][10] Due to each bite taking a tiny amount of blood, chronic or severe infestation may lead to anemia.[5] Bacterial skin infection may occur due to skin break down from scratching.[5][11]Systemic poisoning may occur if the bites are numerous.[12] Exposure to bed bugs may trigger an asthma attack via the effects of airborne allergens although evidence of this association is limited.[5] There is no evidence that bed bugs transmit infectious diseases[5][7] even though they appear physically capable of carrying pathogens and this possibility has been investigated.[5][3] The bite itself may be painful thus resulting in poor sleep and worse work performance.[5]

Similar to humans, pets can also be bitten by bed bugs. The signs left by the bites are the same as in case of people and cause identical symptoms (skin irritation, scratching etc).[citation needed]

Bed bug infestations are primarily the result of two species of insects from genus Cimex: Cimex lectularius (the common bed bug) and Cimex hemipterus.[3] These insects feed exclusively on blood and may survive a year without eating.[3] Adult Cimex are light brown to reddish-brown, flat, oval, and have no hind wings. The front wings are vestigial and reduced to pad-like structures. Adults grow to 45mm (0.160.20in) long and 1.53mm (0.0590.118in) wide.

Bed bugs have five immature nymph life stages and a final sexually mature adult stage.[13] They shed their skins through ecdysis at each stage, discarding their outer exoskeleton.[14] Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in color, and become browner as they moult and reach maturity. Bed bugs may be mistaken for other insects, such as booklice, small cockroaches, or carpet beetles; however, when warm and active, their movements are more ant-like, and like most other true bugs, they emit a characteristic disagreeable odor when crushed.

Bed bugs are obligatory bloodsuckers. They have mouth parts that saw through the skin, and inject saliva with anticoagulants and painkillers. Sensitivity of humans varies from extreme allergic reaction to no reaction at all (about 20%). The bite usually produces a swelling with no red spot, but when many bugs feed on a small area, reddish spots may appear after the swelling subsides.[15] Bedbugs prefer exposed skin, preferably the face, neck, and arms of a sleeping person.

Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and also by certain chemicals.[4][16][17][18] Cimex lectularius only feeds every five to seven days, which suggests that it does not spend the majority of its life searching for a host. When a bed bug is starved, it leaves its shelter and searches for a host. It returns to its shelter after successful feeding or if it encounters exposure to light.[19] Cimex lectularius aggregate under all life stages and mating conditions. Bed bugs may choose to aggregate because of predation, resistance to desiccation, and more opportunities to find a mate. Airborne pheromones are responsible for aggregations.[20]

Infestation is rarely caused by a lack of hygiene.[8] Transfer to new places is usually in the personal items of the human they feed upon.[3] Dwellings can become infested with bed bugs in a variety of ways, such as:

Though bed bugs will opportunistically feed on pets, they do not live or travel on the skin of their hosts, and pets are not believed to be a factor in their spread.[24]

A definitive diagnosis of health effects due to bed bugs requires a search for and finding of the insect in the sleeping environment as symptoms are not sufficiently specific.[5] Bed bugs classically form a line of bites colloquially referred to as “breakfast, lunch, and dinner” and rarely feed in the armpit or behind the knee which may help differentiate it from other biting insects.[4] If the number in a house is large a pungent sweet odor may be described.[4] There are specially trained dogs that can detect this smell.[2]

Bed bugs can exist singly, but tend to congregate once established. Although strictly parasitic, they spend only a tiny fraction of their lifecycles physically attached to hosts. Once a bed bug finishes feeding, it relocates to a place close to a known host, commonly in or near beds or couches in clusters of adults, juveniles, and eggswhich entomologists call harborage areas or simply harborages to which the insect returns after future feedings by following chemical trails. These places can vary greatly in format, including luggage, inside of vehicles, within furniture, among bedside cluttereven inside electrical sockets and nearby laptop computers. Bed bugs may also nest near animals that have nested within a dwelling, such as bats, birds,[22] or rodents. They are also capable of surviving on domestic cats and dogs, though humans are the preferred host of C. lectularius.[25]

Bed bugs can also be detected by their characteristic smell of rotting raspberries.[26] Bed bug detection dogs are trained to pinpoint infestations, with a possible accuracy rate between 11% and 83%.[6] Homemade detectors have been developed.[27][28]

Other possible conditions with which these conditions can be confused include scabies, gamasoidosis, allergic reactions, mosquito bites, spider bites, chicken pox and bacterial skin infections.[5]

To prevent bringing bed bugs to one’s own home, travelers are advised to take precautions after visiting an infested site: generally, these include checking shoes on leaving the site, changing clothes in a garage before returning to their home, and putting the used clothes in a clothes dryer outside the house. When visiting a new lodging, it is advised to check the bed before taking suitcases into the sleeping area and putting the suitcase on a raised stand to make bedbugs less able to crawl in. “An extreme measure would be putting the suitcase in the tub.” Clothes should be hung up or left in the suitcase, and never left on the floor.[29] The founder of a company dedicated to bedbug extermination said that 5% of hotel rooms he books into were infested. He advised people never to sit down on public transport; check office chairs, plane seats and hotel mattresses, and monitor and vacuum home beds once a month.[30]

Treatment requires keeping the person from being repeatedly bitten and possible symptomatic use of antihistamines and corticosteroids (either topically or systemically).[5] There however is no evidence that medications improve outcomes and symptoms usually resolve without treatment in 12 weeks.[3][4]

Avoiding repeated bites can be difficult, since it usually requires eradicating bed bugs from a home or workplace; eradication frequently requires a combination of pesticide and non-pesticide approaches.[3] Pesticides that have historically been found to be effective include pyrethroids, dichlorvos and malathion.[4] Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly over time and there are concerns of negative health effects from their usage.[3] Mechanical approaches such as vacuuming up the insects and heat-treating or wrapping mattresses have been recommended.[3]

Once established, bed bugs are extremely difficult to get rid of.[3] This frequently requires a combination of nonpesticide approaches and the use of insecticides.[3][4]

Mechanical approaches, such as vacuuming up the insects and heat-treating or wrapping mattresses, are effective.[3][6] An hour at a temperature of 45C (113F) or over, or two hours at less than 17C (1F) kills them.[6] This may include a domestic clothes drier for fabric or a commercial steamer. Bed bugs and their eggs will die on contact when exposed to surface temperatures above 180F (82C) and a steamer can reach well above 230F (110C).[31][15] A study found 100% mortality rates for bed bugs exposed to temperatures greater than 50C (122F) for more than 2 minutes. The study recommended maintaining temperatures of above 48C (118F) for more than 20 min to effectively kill all life stages of bed bugs, and because in practice treatment times of 6 to 8 hours are used to account for cracks and indoor clutter.[32] This method is expensive and has caused fires.[6][15] Starving them is not effective as they can survive without eating for 100 to 300 days, depending on temperature.[6] One expert recommends not trying to get rid of bed bugs exclusively on one’s own.[29]

It was stated in 2012[update] that no truly effective insecticides were available.[6] Insecticides that have historically been found effective include pyrethroids, dichlorvos, and malathion.[4] Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly over time, and harm to health from their use is of concern.[3] The carbamate insecticide propoxur is highly toxic to bed bugs, but it has potential toxicity to children exposed to it, and the US Environmental Protection Agency has been reluctant to approve it for indoor use.[33] Boric acid, occasionally applied as a safe indoor insecticide, is not effective against bed bugs[34] because they do not groom.[35]

Bed bugs occur around the world.[36] Before the 1950s about 30% of houses in the United States had bedbugs.[2] Rates of infestations in developed countries, while decreasing from the 1930s to the 1980s, have increased dramatically since the 1980s.[3][4][36] Before the 1980s they were common in the developing world but rare in the developed world.[4] The increase in the developed world may have been caused by increased international travel, resistance to insecticides, and the use of new pest-control methods that do not affect bed bugs.[37]

The exact causes of this resurgence remain unclear; it is variously ascribed to greater foreign travel, increased immigration from the developing world to the developed world, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings among homes, a greater focus on control of other pests, resulting in neglect of bed bug countermeasures, and increasing resistance to pesticides.[4][38] Declines in household cockroach populations that have resulted from the use of insecticides effective against this major bed bug predator have aided the bed bugs’ resurgence, as have bans on DDT and other potent pesticides.[39][medical citation needed]

The fall in bed bug populations after the 1930s in the developed world is believed to be partly due to the use of DDT to kill cockroaches.[40] The invention of the vacuum cleaner and simplification of furniture design may have also played a role.[40] Others believe it might simply be the cyclical nature of the organism.[41]

The common bed bug (C. lectularius) is the species best adapted to human environments. It is found in temperate climates throughout the world. Other species include Cimex hemipterus, found in tropical regions, which also infests poultry and bats, and Leptocimex boueti, found in the tropics of West Africa and South America, which infests bats and humans. Cimex pilosellus and Cimex pipistrella primarily infest bats, while Haematosiphon inodora, a species of North America, primarily infests poultry.[42]

Bed bug infestations have resurged since the 1980s[43] for reasons that are not clear, but contributing factors may be complacency, increased resistance, bans on pesticides, and increased international travel.[44] The U.S. National Pest Management Association reported a 71% increase in bed bug calls between 2000 and 2005.[45] The number of reported incidents in New York City alone rose from 500 in 2004 to 10,000 in 2009.[46] In 2013, Chicago was listed as the number 1 city in the United States with the worst bed bug infestation.[47] As a result, the Chicago City Council passed a bed bug control ordinance to limit their spread. Additionally, bed bugs are reaching places in which they never established before, such as southern South America.[48][49]

Cimex lectularius may have originated in the Middle East in caves inhabited by bats and humans.[50]

Bed bugs were mentioned in ancient Greece as early as 400 BC, and were later mentioned by Aristotle. Pliny’s Natural History, first published circa AD 77 in Rome, claimed bed bugs had medicinal value in treating ailments such as snake bites and ear infections. (Belief in the medicinal use of bed bugs persisted until at least the 18th century, when Guettard recommended their use in the treatment of hysteria.[51])

Bed bugs were first mentioned in Germany in the 11th century, in France in the 13th century, and in England in 1583,[50] though they remained rare in England until 1670. Some in the 18th century believed bed bugs had been brought to London with supplies of wood to rebuild the city after the Great Fire of London (1666). Giovanni Antonio Scopoli noted their presence in Carniola (roughly equivalent to present-day Slovenia) in the 18th century.[52][53]

Traditional methods of repelling and/or killing bed bugs include the use of plants, fungi, and insects (or their extracts), such as black pepper;[54] black cohosh (Actaea racemosa); Pseudarthria hookeri; Laggera alata (Chinese yngmo co | );[15] Eucalyptus saligna oil;[55][56] henna (Lawsonia inermis or camphire);[57] “infused oil of Melolontha vulgaris” (presumably cockchafer); fly agaric (Amanita muscaria); tobacco; “heated oil of Terebinthina” (i.e. true turpentine); wild mint (Mentha arvensis); narrow-leaved pepperwort (Lepidium ruderale); Myrica spp. (e.g. bayberry); Robert geranium (Geranium robertianum); bugbane (Cimicifuga spp.); “herb and seeds of Cannabis”; “opulus” berries (possibly maple or European cranberrybush); masked hunter bugs (Reduvius personatus), “and many others”.[58]

In the mid-19th century, smoke from peat fires was recommended as an indoor domestic fumigant against bed bugs.[59]

Dusts have been used to ward off insects from grain storage for centuries, including plant ash, lime, dolomite, certain types of soil, and diatomaceous earth or Kieselguhr.[60] Of these, diatomaceous earth in particular has seen a revival as a nontoxic (when in amorphous form) residual pesticide for bed bug abatement. While diatomaceous earth performed poorly, silica gel may be effective.[61][62]

Basket-work panels were put around beds and shaken out in the morning in the UK and in France in the 19th century. Scattering leaves of plants with microscopic hooked hairs around a bed at night, then sweeping them up in the morning and burning them, was a technique reportedly used in Southern Rhodesia and in the Balkans.[63]

Bean leaves have been used historically to trap bedbugs in houses in Eastern Europe. The trichomes on the bean leaves capture the insects by impaling the feet (tarsi) of the insects. The leaves are then destroyed.[64]

Prior to the mid-20th century, bed bugs were very common. According to a report by the UK Ministry of Health, in 1933, all the houses in many areas had some degree of bed bug infestation.[65] The increase in bed bug populations in the early 20th century has been attributed to the advent of electric heating, which allowed bed bugs to thrive year-round instead of only in warm weather.[66]

Bed bugs were a serious problem at US military bases during World War II.[67] Initially, the problem was solved by fumigation, using Zyklon Discoids that released hydrogen cyanide gas, a rather dangerous procedure.[67] Later, DDT was used to good effect.[67]

The decline of bed bug populations in the 20th century is often credited to potent pesticides that had not previously been widely available.[44] Other contributing factors that are less frequently mentioned in news reports are increased public awareness and slum clearance programs that combined pesticide use with steam disinfection, relocation of slum dwellers to new housing, and in some cases also follow-up inspections for several months after relocated tenants moved into their new housing.[66]

The rise in infestations has been hard to track because bed bugs are not an easily identifiable problem and is one that people prefer not to discuss. Most of the reports are collected from pest-control companies, local authorities, and hotel chains.[65] Therefore, the problem may be more severe than is currently believed.[68]

Bed bugs are an increasing cause for litigation.[69]Courts have, in some cases, exacted large punitive damage judgments on some hotels.[70][71][72]Many of New York City’s Upper East Side home owners have been afflicted, but they tend to be silent publicly in order not to ruin their property values and be seen as suffering a blight typically associated with the lower classes.[73]

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Bed bug – Wikipedia

Buffalo Bed Bug PCP | Professional Pest Control Buffalo …

As your Buffalo bed bugs expert, we use an array of treatments to attack your infestation, adapting which techniques we utilize depending on your specific circumstances. We know the safety and wellbeing of your family is your main priority, and, therefore, we will talk through our various approaches with you to ensure you are comfortable with our treatment plan. In most instances, we will use various methods on a single property to eliminate 100% of your bed bugs. Of course, the bed bug pest Buffalo exterminator cost can vary depending on which treatment you need.

One of the most effective methods we use is bed bug heat treatment for Buffalo homes. High temperature steam is applied to the entire mattress and bed, specifically focusing on seams, creases, and small gaps where bed bugs hide. The bed bug heat treatment will destroy the bed bugs and their eggs on contact.

Our specialized steam machines produce a dry steam, which will leave less moisture in your air and on your furniture than standard steamers. Our thermal approach is especially popular because it gives immediate relief to the homes inhabitants. It means that your family or your tenants can go home to the property on the same day. It also requires no use of chemicals, making it incredibly eco-friendly and safe for the environment. Call our Buffalo bed bugs exterminator to find out more.

Another treatment method we use alongside other methods is high-power vacuuming. We vacuum all areas where bed bugs are typically prevalent. This will remove live bed bugs, their skins, eggs, and excrement from your furniture and upholstery. Our specialist vacuum filters ensure an efficiency of over 99% of particles in the exhaust air. Vacuuming will not remove all bed bugs, so it is used amongst others in ridding your home of bed bugs. The plus point of high-power vacuuming is that it is a quick and effective way to physically remove a large part of the infestation from your home. We can vacuum before and after other treatments for added efficiency.

Freezing bed bugs is another environmentally friendly way to eliminate an infestation in its entirety. This non-toxic treatment destroys the insects and their eggs after contact with a snow-like substance. It can be used alongside heat treatment, with heat being more suitable for some surfaces than the dry ice.

Encasements can be used for bedding, mattresses and box springs. This treatment traps any newborn bed bugs in casing, in which they cannot survive.

A bed bug dust application can be applied to various areas of your home, such as cracks in the floor, near baseboards, and other hard to reach areas where bed bugs may be residing. This special dust is made from diatomaceous earth, and is popular because it is eco-friendly. However, it is not a solution on its own to remove bed bugs and must be used in conjunction with vacuuming, heating, or freezing.

We will thoroughly treat all areas of your home, which will involve removing outlet covers and light switch covers, and lifting up the edges of carpets to find any well-hidden insects. Any bed bugs we find will be frozen or treated with heat or dust.

Pesticides can also be used, though they are generally less successful for our Buffalos bed bug pest exterminators than thermal or freezing methods, and take much longer to completely destroy your bed bug infestation. While bed bug heat treatment will give you immediate relief from bed bugs, pesticides will take around thirty days to take full effect. This is because pesticides will only kill the live bed bugs and not their eggs, meaning the eggs will continue to hatch and you must then wait for them to ingest the pesticide for it to destroy them. The bed bug pest Buffalo exterminator cost of pesticide is lower than other treatment methods, so it may be an attractive option for those with a lower budget.

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Buffalo Bed Bug PCP | Professional Pest Control Buffalo …

Do I Need an Exterminator To Get Rid of Ants? | COMBAT

Anyone who has engaged in a long, protracted war with ants has contemplated picking up the phone, dialing the nearest exterminator, and begging for help. Those who have followed through soon discovered the ants were gone and in their place an exterminator bill from 100 to 300 dollars only guaranteeing 3- to 4-months of ant-free living. Talk about trading one problem for another!

The truth is, exterminators are rarely a necessity when it comes to ants. Instead, follow a simple process. Clean, kill, and seal. Or, if you want to be more macho search and destroy. The quickest way to stop ants once an invasion has begun is with ammonia like in window spray. Once youve cleaned up the ants, clean up your cupboards. That partially consumed pack of hot chocolate from last Christmas? Toss it. Those open containers of sugar, cereal, and pancake mix? Get them into the Tupperware. Piles of toaster crumbs, bacon splatters on the stove, half-eaten cookies under the TV stand? Come on!

The second step for ant-free livingdestroy. A little-known factoid will help you on this mission. Ants can drink water but cannot eat solid food. They have a very small passage between the thorax and abdomen which does not allow food to pass. They must carry solid food back to their nests and give it to the larvae which masticate the granules until it is liquefied. This disgusting pre-chewed glop is then fed back to the workers.

This is the concept behind bait traps such as Combats Ant Killing Bait Strips, Source Kill Ant Bait, and Source Kill Max Ant Killing Gel. Ants are attracted to the sweetened insecticide within the bait traps. They carry the granules back home where the larvae eat it and begin to die, all the while producing poisonous food for the rest of the nest. Within days, the ants are dead, while the exterminator is sitting waiting for his phone to ring. Now all you have to worry about is how you are going to spend that money you saved!

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Do I Need an Exterminator To Get Rid of Ants? | COMBAT

Everything You Should Know About Flying Termites | Western …

Termites usually start to swarm in the early days of spring when the weather is warm and after a rain shower. Termites use environmental cues as a signal to start swarming and also synchronized with other termite colonies of the same species to ensure the possibility of inbreeding is reduced.

The time of day termite swarms occur depends on the species of termites. The majority of subterranean termites swarm during the day while Formosan termites (a breed of subterranean termites) swarm during the night time.

Winged termites are highly attracted to sources of light such as street lamps and can often be found swarming around these sources.

Termites arent very good fliers and generally rely on the wind to help with air mileage. Because of this, termite swarms dont last long, and can be found close to the originating nests. However, if the wind is strong the future king and queen termites will often travel far before beginning the process of starting a new colony.

Termite wings and swarmers could be a sign of a much larger problem. To determine if you have ants or termites, its best to contact the professionals at Western Exterminator for assistance.

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Everything You Should Know About Flying Termites | Western …


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